APPROACHES TO REDUCE INFANTS MORTALITY RATE IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE

APPROACHES TO REDUCE INFANTS MORTALITY RATE IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents                                                                                           Pages

COVER PAGE

TITLE PAGE

CERTIFICATION

APPROVAL PAGE

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF APPENDICES

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

Statement of the problem

Purpose of the study

Significance of the study

Scope of the study

Research questions

Research hypotheses

CHAPTER II – REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Review of literature

Conceptual framework

Concept of mortality

Causes of mortality

Approaches in reducing infant mortality rate in Nigeria

Socio-economic determinant of child survival

Theoretical framework

Summary of literature reviewed

CHAPTER III – METHODOLOGY

Research design

Area of the study

Population of the study

Sample and sampling techniques

Instruments for data collection

Validation of the instrument

Reliability of the instrument

Administration of the instrument

Data analysis techniques

CHAPTER IV – PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

Research question 1

Research question 2

Research question3

Research question 4

Research question 5

Test of research hypothesis  1

Test of research hypothesis 2

Test of research hypothesis 3

Test of research hypothesis 4

Test of research hypothesis 5

CHAPTER V – DISCUSSION OF RESULTS, SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS,

                           RECOMMENDATIONS

Discussion of results

Summary of the study

Conclusion

Implication of the findings

Recommendations

Limitations of the study

Suggestions for further studies

References

Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Appendix D                                                                                      

LIST OF FIGURES

Figures                                                                                              Pages

Fig 2.1:  Conceptual framework on infant mortality

Fig 2.2:  Theoretical framework

LIST OF TABLE

Tables                                                                                                  pages

Table 4.0: Descriptive analyses showing how immunization reduce

Infant mortality

Table 4.1 Descriptive analyses showing how Counseling during antenatal

helps to reduce infant mortality

Table 4.2: Descriptive analyses showing how Health Education helps in

reduce infant mortality

Table 4.3 Descriptive analyses showing how free health care reduce

infant mortality

Table 4.4: Descriptive analyses showing how the use of health facilities

helps reduce infant mortality

Table 4.5:Chi-square analyses showing the significant of immunization in

reducing infant mortality

Table 4.6: Chi-square analyses showing the significant of Counselling in

reducing infant mortality

Table 4.7: Chi-square analyses showing the significant of immunization

in reducing  infant mortality

Table 4.8: Chi-square analyses showing the significant of  free health care

services in reducing infant mortality

Table 4.9: Chi-square analyses showing how health facilities help to reduce

infant mortality

 

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendices                                                                                         pages

Appendix A: Questionnaire on the approaches to reduce infant mortality

rate in Emure local government Area of Ekiti state

Appendix B: Reliability statistics using Pearson product moment

correlation (PPMC)

Appendix C: Letter of permission to collect data/information/carry out

Research experiment

Appendix D: List of Hospital and Health Centers                                     
ABSTRACT

The study investigated the approaches to reduce infant mortality rate in Emure Local government area of Ekiti state. Nigeria has one of the highest maternal and infant mortality rates in the world and this necessitated the greater attention given to Maternal and Child Health (MCH) services in the country’s. The purpose of the study was to find out if immunization, counseling, health education, free health care services and health facilities will serve as approaches to reduce infant mortality in Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

The research design for the study was survey design of the descriptive research. The sample size of two hundred (200) respondents was used for the study. The respondents were  pregnant women and nursing mothers  in Emure local government area.  Five selected health centre’s and one General Hospital were randomly selected using simple random sampling technique. The instrument used for the study was a 29 –items structured questionnaire. Split -half method was employed to ascertain the instrument using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. A coefficient of 1 was obtained at 0.05 level of significant. Descriptive statistic involving frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question. The generated hypotheses were tested using Chi-Square (x2). All  the hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance.

The findings of the study revealed that that immunization of children helps in reducing infant mortality rate in Emure local government area of Ekiti State. Also findings from the study revealed that counselling during antenatal period and Health Education helps in reducing infant mortality rate in the study area.

The researcher concluded that immunization of children, counseling during antenatal period, Health Education, health care services and health facilities helps in reducing infant mortality rate in Emure local government area of Ekiti state. The researcher recommended that State Government should make provision for vaccine for children under the age of five, also Government should make available counselor to educates the women on the approaches to reduce infant mortality.

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