AVAILABILITY AND THE USE OF SCIENCE EQUIPMENT ON THE TEACHING OF BASIC SCIENCE STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
This study is aimed at investigating the availability and the use of Science equipment on the teaching of Basic Science students achievement in junior secondary school in Owo local government area of Ondo State. To carry out this study five selected secondary schools and one hundred and twenty respondents were used as the sample of the study. four research question and two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study made use of chi square test at 0.05 level of significance to test the research hypotheses formulated in chapter one. Findings from the study implies that Use of science equipment by basic science teachers influence students academic performance. Also the result revealed that the use of science equipment assist the students learning process by making assimilating and memorization of materials easy and help to hold attention as well as longer retention of information. Also the result reveal that teachers utilize science equipment in teaching basic science. The findings also revealed that most of the school laboratory have enough laboratory equipment to carry out practical work. The study recommend that basic science laboratory should be equip with modern facilities to aid students learning. Students should develop positive attitude towards the use of science equipment in learning basic science. And Government should assist each of the school with well equip laboratory
Background to the study
Modern Science is the firm base upon which modern advances in Technology depends. Many breakthroughs that man has recorded in the quest to improve his life were achieved through the knowledge of science, it therefore became pertinent that science be taught at all levels of education. At the senior secondary level science is departmentalized into Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Biology which is the study of different forms, their evolution, structures, functions, growth, distribution and taxonomy occupies a unique position in the secondary school science curriculum. It serves as a pre-requisite to the study of other lucrative and challenging professions like; medicine, nursing, pharmacology, biochemistry, agriculture among others. The vital role of the study of this discipline in the economic, industrial and public life of the learners and the general humanity cannot be overstressed (Ibe and Ukpai 2013; Akambi and Kolawole, 2014).
Science equipment are learning tools that help in teaching and learning processes, which help the teacher to deliver his lesson during the course of his teaching. They can also be referred to as relevant and cheaply selected equipment that are usually incorporated in the teaching and learning process in order to boost or enhance effective teaching and learning activities in the classroom or any other environment where formal educational system take place.
The search for efficient and effective delivery of instruction to students has always been major concern of science educators. This is so as a result of repeated mass failure recorded in West African Senior Secondary School Examination (WASSCE). Among other factors that could be responsible for this failure are the non use of Science equipment which definitely must have a significant role to play in teaching and learning process. Science equipment are defined by different scholars though they convey the same meaning when interpreted. Science equipment are tools or devices through which knowledge, skills, attitude, ideas, beliefs and values got transmitted to the learner by the teacher in order to ease teaching-learning process.
Akinbi (1991) defined Science equipment as materials designed to enrich the teaching and learning processes and hence contribute to better learning. Leohard (2001) conceived Science equipment as “ a wide range of materials and devices, designed to provide realistic image and substitute experiences in order to enrich curricular experiences of many kinds”. From the above mentioned meanings of Science equipment , the best way of helping pupils to learn is to bring them face to face with the world which education intends to introduce to them (Mkpa,(1999)).
Science had been of great importance worldwide for suitable and socio-economic development as well as fortechnological advancement of the nations. Knowledge of science education is therefore required in all countries globally due to the numerous challenges that are facing them. One of the science subject learners choose at the junior secondary classes is basic science. The continuous record of students’ poor performance in JSCE examination is a serious indication thatall is not well in the Nigeria educational system, most especially at the secondary school level. Several assertions, Eshiet (2006) observed that not much attention has been given to the issue of enriching the for effective teaching and learning of science. A lot of research has been carried out on students
poor academic performance in science. Jegede (2010), Ivowi (2009) and Bajah (2004) notes that poor academicperformance among secondary school students in science is due to poor utilization of Science equipment byteachers. The utilization of Science equipment have been an issue of great concern to science stakeholders ineducational system Uche and Umoren,(2008).
Ivowi, (1993); Okebukola, (2010); and Bajah, (2004); observed that the utilization of Science equipment in science teaching enables learners to develop problem solving skills and positive attitude, interesttowards science learning. In Nigeria, the government in a bide to developed the education sectorembarked on the provision of learning facilities to public schools so as to enhance teaching in all government schools in the state. Apart from this, the state government provided Science equipment to almost all government schools in the state for effective academic work. Today, in spite of the huge amount invested by the state government in promoting the educational sector in Ondo State and Owoin particularly, therate of failure recorded during junior school certificate examination still pose a serious concern to thegovernment. Besides, the rate of failure recorded in science subjects despite the huge amount of investment bythe state government in the provision of Science equipment still pose great concern to both the government andthe stakeholders in the educational sector. It is in this note that this work seeks to examine the effect of the use of Science equipment on the teaching of science students achievement
Statement of the problem
The relevance of Science equipment in teaching and learning of science cannot be over emphasized. Several researches stated earlier indicate the need for effective practical lesson using appropriate equipment. Yet many scienceteachers tend to avoid using Science equipment and organizing laboratory lesson to their students. Some of the reasons for poor performance of students in examinations include poor science teaching due to teacher’s incompetence in using Science equipment in teaching science subject. Furthermore, most secondary schools teachers concentrate on meeting the demand of West African Examination Council (WAEC) practical examinations. This has drawn the attention of concerned individuals on the genesis or causes of the situation.
Investigations have shown that Secondary School students have been exhibiting dwindling interest in Science generally over the past few years Esiobu, (2005). This among other reasons explains the reported low enrolment and consistent poor performance in Physics Omosewo, (2009) The reason for the negative attitude of the students towards the subject which impacts their performance may not be unconnected with the teaching style adopted by the Teachers which often times is rote learning and memorization of formulas as opposed to the more effective practical, hands-on approach. This ineffective approach is often blamed on the paucity of instructional materials.
There is evidence of ineffective teaching of practical in School and this has affected the performance of student. This could be due to lack of equipment and materials or lack of proper training of the teachers handing the practical. Due to the above problems the students is aimed at investigating the availability and the use of science equipment on the teaching of Basic Science students achievement in junior secondary school in Owo Local Government Area of Ondo State
Purpose of the Study
The general purpose of the study was to find out the availability and the use of science equipment on the teaching of Basic Science students achievement in junior secondary school in Owo Local Government Area of Ondo State.
The specific objective are
- To investigate the attitude of science students and teachers towards the use of Science equipment
- To find out if there are enough equipment in the laboratory for effective teaching of science subject
- To find out how Science equipment are effectively utilizate in teaching and learning in secondary school
- To determine the effect of Science equipment on students academic performance in Owo local government Area
- What are the attitude of science student and teacher towards the use of Science equipment ?
- Are there enough Science equipment in the laboratory for effective teaching of science subject?
- To what extent are Science equipment effectively utilize in teaching and learning
- What effect does Science equipment have on students academic performance?
The following null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study
- There is no significant different on the availability of equipment of basic science and their other counterpart who do not have
- There is no significant difference on the effective utilization of science equipment in teaching and learning basic science
Significance of the Study
This study is aimed at crating awareness on how vital science is, not only to the student but also to the public at large with regards to health education.
It is also aimed at making the federal Government see the benefit of providing schools with proper and adequate Science equipment e.t.c.
Findings from this study may reveal clearly the attitudes of teacher towards the use of Science equipment . This will serve as a pointer to the prevailing condition in our schools. Both administrators and teachers, trainers may benefit from the findings and may enlighten them about the usefulness of Science equipment to the teachers, it may encourage them to know that some topics can be taught using Science equipment s.
Scope of the study
This research work investigate the availability and the use of science equipment on the teaching of Basic Science students achievement in junior secondary school in Owo Local Government Area of Ondo State. The study is limited to all teachers and students in five selected secondary schools in Owo local government.
Definition of terms
Laboratory: A room or building equipped for scientific experiments, research, or teaching, or for the manufacture of drugs or chemicals.
Teaching: This is a process of transferring knowledge from one person to another or the act, practice or profession of a teacher
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