THE EFFECT OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN PHYSICS
The study examined the effect of teachers qualification on the performance of students in Biology in Ondo West local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. Subjects for the study were one hundred and twenty (120) students were randomly selected from five secondary schools in Ondo West local Government Area of Ondo State. Questionnaires were used to collect relevant data for the study. Percentages and chi-square were used to analyze the research questions. Responses of Teachers showed that Teachers qualification and student’s environment do not influence student’s poor performance but teacher’s methods teaching influence poor academic performance. Student’s response on the other hand showed that while teacher’s method of teaching and learning materials does not.
The implications of these findings for secondary school guidance counselors for good academic performance were discussed.
The poor scholastic achievement of students in Biology in Nigeria has been and still a source of concern and research interest to the educators, government and parents. This is so because of the great importance that education has on the national development of the country. All over the country, there is a consensus of opinion about the fallen standard of education in Nigeria. (Adebule, 2004) parents and government are in total agreement that their huge investment on education is not yield the desired dividend.
Poor academic performance is a performance that is adjudged the examinee/testee and some others as falling below an expected standard. Poor academic performance has been observed in school subject’s especially Biology among the secondary school students. Academic failure is not frosting to the students and parents, its effect are equally grave on the society in terms of death of man power. In all spheres of the economy and polities. Education at secondary school level is suppose to be the bedrock and the foundation towards higher knowledge in tertiary institution.
It is an investment as well as an instrument that can be used to achieve a more rapid economic, social and political, technology, scientific and cultural development in the country.
The national policy on education is an instrument for national development that fosters the worth and development of the society and equality of education opportunity to all Nigerian children, irrespectively of any real marginal disabilities.
The role of secondary school education is to lay the foundation for further education and if a good foundation is laid at this levels there are likely to be no problems at subsequent level. However, different people at different times have passed the blame of poor performance in secondary school to students because of their low retention, parent factors, association with wrong peers low achievement motivation and the likes (Aremu and Sokan, 2003). Falling level of academic achievement is attributable to teacher’s non use of verbal reinforcement strategy, others found out that the attitude of some teachers to their job is reflected in their poor attendance to lessons, lateness to school, unsavory comments about students performance that could damages their ego, poor method of teaching and the likes affect pupils academic performance.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Since it is generally believed that students’ academic performance depends in the way the teacher teaches in the classroom, Soyibo ()1992) asserted that, no matter how well groomed a teacher is using appropriate teaching strategies, unless he/she has thorough knowledge of the subject matter his or her effort at imparting knowledge to his/her students will be futilely. When a teacher come late in class, this can affect the teaching of students because the teacher will not be able to cover all the necessary parts in the study. some teachers do not know how to make use of instructional materials when teaching. This study seeks to find out the effect of teacher’s qualification on the performance of the students in Biology.
This research will attempt to answer the following questions.
- What is the perception of teacher on students for poor performance and teacher’s qualification?
- What is the teachers perception on student’s environment and student’s poor performance?
- What is the effect of teachers on students poor academic performance and teachers method to teaching?
The following hypothesis will be tested in this study which investigated the affect of teacher qualification on the performance of students in Biology.
- There is no significant difference in the perception of teachers on student’s poor performance and teacher’s qualification
- There is no significant difference in the perception of teachers on student’s environment and student’s poor education.
- there is no significance difference in the perception of teacher effect on student’s poor academic performance and teachers method of teaching.
DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study been delimited to randomly selected students in very few secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State.
One hundred and twenty (120) students were used as respondent and the result was tasted with chi-sqare statistics analysis, questionnaire as the instrument.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is considered significant in the sense that it will generate sufficient data for use to teachers and government that are concerned with the welfare of students. Also, it is hopeful that the study will provide data on effects of teachers qualification on the academic performance of the students.
DEFINITION OF TERM
- METHODOLOGY: this is the means or strategies employed by teachers in attempt to impact knowledge to the learners.
- TEACHERS: Is a person that impact knowledge on a students or a person whose job is teaching.
- POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: Is a performance that is adjudged by the examiner/tested and some other significant as falling below an expected.