This project is deliberate to investigate the effect of Environmental Sanitation people health in Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The Researcher composed information using different sources, together with personal interview, questionnaires and personal study Newspaper were consulted for functional information.

The outcomes showed to facilitate there are not enough services for refuse disposal. Techniques used in disposing refuse were, dust-bin, fascinator etc. although serial silent dump their refuse and overtake human faces in not permitted places which comprise health hazard in our surroundings.

There are also not sufficient health personnel to make environmental sanitation effective lacks of enough resources for moving out useful disposal of refuse create some problem for the sanitary workers and the health personnel in the Local Government.

The researcher recommend, that supplementary personnel and vouches be provided so that the services of the Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State can be knowledgeable.


Title page





Table of contents



Background to the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Questions

Research Hypothesis

Significance of the Study

Scope of study

Definition of Terms


Literature Review


Research Method

Research Design

Population of the Study

Sample and sampling Technique

Research Instruments

Administration of the instrument

Data Collection

Data Analysis


Result and Discussion





Limitation of the Study




Environmental sanitation means the improvement and maintenance of standard of cleanliness in all aspect of our environment. A clean environment will always remain a sign of good and healthy living of a people: hence the saying that cleanliness is the next thing to Godliness and health is wealth.

Environmental sanitation is therefore the control of those elements in man’s physical surrounding which is neglected could affect health adversely.

These elements are: accumulation of waste; improper drainage; refuse heaps; pollution of any kind (industrial and domestic): and any growth of weeds or wild bush that can harbour dangerous animals and reptiles around our dwelling places.

Environment is formed by the physical condition which surrounds a man from infancy to old age. The forces of nature: climate, man’s social and economic activities, his food and drink, the increase in population and the movement of the population from the rural into urban centres of the country, all have intensified environmental difficulties of man. Since healthy environment differs from community to community and from state to state, disease have no boundaries.

Environmental sanitation is strictly enforced as a means of preventive health care delivery system. To this end, an Environmental sanitation Board is usually set up to monitor sanitation activities. Its functions covers the area of refuse disposal, controlled dumping, drainage of surface water likely to the den of mosquitoes, prevention and control of diseases. There is also a sanitary health regulation, since sanitation is basic to community existence. It is understandable that the pioneers in public health care gives primary attention to cleanliness, water supply waste disposal and food supply system.

Therefore health is a state of physical mental, and social well – being.

Background to the Study

Before the creation of Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State was under Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State with Emure as the headquaters. It was in 1986 that Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State was created.

The origin of environmental sanitation cannot be precisely dated, but people had been working on communal basis to clean the surrounds of dwelling places.

However, the military administration headed by General Mohammed Buhari/Idiagbon realized that indiscipline was the major factor working against the health living of Nigerians.

The Government was convinced that there was no future for the nation unless the people accepted discipline as a way of life at personal, co-operate and institution levels.

Consequently, “War Against Indiscipline”

(WAI) was launched on March 20th 1984 to clean their surroundings, so that it will prevent the out break of diseases in our environment. The idea subsequently led to the formation of Environmental sanitation Task Force on July 29th, 1985. The task Force was empowered to see to the cleanliness of the environment through or by organizing Environmental sanitation.

Consequently W.A.I. Brigade was instituted to ensure the realization of the aims and objectives of Environmental sanitation programme in Nigeria.

To be more effective, sanitation exercise was carried out at the last Saturday of every month between the hours of 7 O’ clocks and 10 O’ clocks in the morning. This last Saturday of every month has been gasted “Environmental Sanitation Day” by Federal Government Decree of 1985.


Statement of the Problem

It has been observed a healthy nation is a wealthy nation. “However, people viewed Environmental Sanitation as waste of time while other people viewed it as a compulsory programme for health.

They believed that environmental sanitation would disturb them in their normal duties especially in Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State, where majority of the people are farmers who have to go to other farms, so also are traders who are always eager to catch early buyers.

These are some of the reasons why people don’t co-operate with the government to make the Environmental Sanitation more effective in Emure Local Government.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of environmental sanitation peoples health and also examine ways and method through which this exercise is financed and maintained the important of environmental sanitation on people living condition in Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State.


Research Question

  • Is there any different between environmental education and cleanliness?
  • Is there any relationship between cleanness’ and health?
  • Is environmental sanitation contributes to cleanliness and good human condition in Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

Research Hypothesis

  • There is no significant different between the concept of environmental sanitation and cleanliness.
  • There is no significant relationship between environmental sanitation and the people of Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
  • There is no significant different between cleanliness and good health condition of people.

Significance of the Study

This study will help to identify ways of improving the environmental sanitation of the people in Emure Local Government Area.

Another major importance of this study is that, it will help to explain clearly usefulness of environmental sanitation to the general populace.

Scope of Study

Although the researcher recognized other public health but limited his study to the selected Environmental sanitation in Emure Local Government Area as a case study.

This is because no researcher can treat all the services needs in the area with in the limited time and under a research of this type.

It should be noted that all the contributing factors that hinders the researcher from carrying out the research work into detail include finance, attitude of the people to research work of this type based on their ignorance and lukewarm attitude to the importance of research findings.


Definition of Terms


Environmental: connected with the natural condition in which people animal and plants live connected with the environment.

Connected with the condition that affect the behaviour and environmental influence e.g. an environmental health officer.

ENVIRONMENT: The natural conditions e.g. land, air and water in which people animals and plants live.

Measures to protect the environment many people are concerned about the pollution of the environment.

SANITATION: The equipment and systems that keep places clean, especially by removing human waste disease resulting from poor sanitation.

HEALTH: State of well being and the weather condition of people especially when used to perform a very simple task, not practical.


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