THE IDOKO PEOPLE OF ONDO KINGDOM

THE IDOKO PEOPLE OF ONDO KINGDOM

ABSTRACT

This research work investigates the history of Idoko people in Ondo kingdom. It has revealed that Ifore, Oka and the Idoko peoples’ are the early migrant to settle in Ondo kingdom. This study discovered that Idoko people are Ondo indigene. They also have a strong traditional believe which helped them to overthrow Benin power over the Ondos. The socio-political and cultural environment of Idoko people played a greater role in the development and up liftment of Ondo kingdom.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title                                                                     Page No

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE

Background of the Study

Objective of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Significance of the Study

Scope of the Study

Methodology

Justification of the Study

Limitation of the Study

Organization of Chapters

CHAPTER TWO

Introduction

The Idoko People

The Idoko Migration to Ondo Kingdom

CHAPTER THREE

The Political Life of Idoko People

The Victory of Idoko People Over Benin Overlord

CHAPTER FOUR

The Socio-Economic Structure

The Market Structure of Idoko People

Idoko Cultural Influence on Ondo Kingdom

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendations

BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                       

BOOKS                                                                        

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The towns and communities that made up the Ondo Kingdom was located among the thickly forest plains that characterize southwestern Nigeria, About 300 kilometers to the North – east of Lagos, Nigeria’s economic nerve and 45 kilometers west of Akure, the Ondo State Capital.1

The kingdom is easily reached by road from all parts of the country. The people are one of the largest Yoruba sub-groups, situated in the eastern part of the Yoruba speaking area of Nigeria. The weather elements that characterize the region are those typifying the rain forest region of sub – sahara Africa.2

The descent of Ondo people, as well as the geography of the kingdom does not reflect any significant deviation from those of other towns and communities peopled by the Yoruba of south – western Nigeria, who are virtually agreed on the common paternity of Oduduwa. However there exist in most historical collections about three separate accounts that explain the origin of the Ondo people. While, the people of the kingdom, almost in unison rejected a version that links its origin to the old Benin kingdom in the present day of Edo State.

There seems to be some level of convergence on the other two accounts which trace the origin of the Ondo people to Ife and Oyo respectively while an outright of any historical account, as attributed to the Benin Kingdom Version, may be unlikely the symmetry of the more widely held version of the origin of the people are here in reflected with the major dissonance being in the origin from either Oyo or Ife. But on a broad outlook, the two accounts seem to point towards the same direction as those in Oyo originally migrated from ife, the ultimate source of all Yoruba.3

            The people of Idoko who were among the early settlers of Ondo worshiped spirits and they hated twin whom they always put to death. At one time Oduduwa sent twins children, one male and the other female and their mothers away from the headquarters to the remote part of his kingdom so that they might not be killed and they finally settled at Idoko.

The history of the Idoko people shall be treated in details of their origin and characteristics, the part they played in the cultural influence amongest the Ondo and their socio-economic structure. Also it should be noted that the facts abouts the history of the Idoko people are based mainly on oral tradition.

Objective of the Study

The objective of this research is to find out who are the Idoko people in Ondo kingdom. It also examine the impact of Idoko people on the socio-cultural and economic lives on the people of Ondo kingdom, the Idoko traditional polity shall also be discussed.

Statement of the Problem

The argument about the exact origin of the Idoko people and whether they are truly an Ondo Indigene or not. There was also the controversy amongst the local historian such as Adeakin Olumatire, Johnson Fasekomi and the host of other that people of Idoko had in those days Vassal or pay tax to either osemawe. These form part of problems that thus research work should be tackled.

Significance of the Study

This research work on the Idoko people of Ondo kingdom is fashioned to eradicate some historical fallacies that were often told by some local historians of the Idoko people and Ondo kingdom. It would also help to disclose the relationship between the Idoko and Ondo people. In the face of different account of historical antecedent of the Idoko people, this research work has been equipped with suitable historical ingredient and relevant information that is sufficiently used as materials on the history of Idoko people.

This project work also serves as an historical measure in general by enlighten people within and outside Ondo State to learn about Idoko people and thus make provision for infrastructural and human resources management.

Scope of the Study

        It would be much demanding to undertake a complete study of Idoko people of Ondo kingdom. Most of the towns and settlement that form this kingdom are scattered all over Ondo kingdom will be the major focus of the study.

The researcher will also touch some neighboring town in other to get accurate information, in other way round, this research topic will not be able to cover the entire Ondo kingdom due to financial and logistic problems on the part of the researcher.

Finally, it will also help us to compare socio-economic of each selected town in Ondo State.

 

Methodology

To search for source materials, I made use of Libraries and Internet source to provide useful information on the subject matters such that the topic of the research was not compromised.

In the same vein, I travelled down to Idoko people in Ondo kingdom to make interview with different people that are concern, while news agencies were also consulted for the purpose of this research work.

Justification of the Study

This work is being justified based on the following assumptions:

Oduduwa, the progenitor of the Yoruba was one of the sons of Lamurudu, who was believed to have migrated from mecca, Saudi Arabia, after some sectarian disagreement. Lamurudu held the title of Olofin Adimula before he left mecca. This perhaps explains why most Yoruba Obas are still referred to bear that title till today. Oranmiyan, one of the sixteen sons of Oduduwa who left ile-ife, probably out of sheer ambition or mere adventure, was the first Alaafin of Oyo and the father of Oluaso, who gave birth to pupupu, the first paramount ruler in Ondo kingdom.4

The group wandered through the forest till they got to a place called Epin, near Gbere, whose inhabitants were referred to as IBARIBA. They were well received and catered for until the death of Oba Oluaso in 1497. They headed back to Oyo when the succeeding king did not treat them fairly, but Onigbogi, the reigning king had to send them back to a virgin land compassed about by ife, ijesa, Ekiti Ado(Benin) and ijebu communities. They later got to igbo ijamo (the forest discovered by ija) the group apparently stayed in this place for some time. Eventually they found igbo-ijamo unsafe and therefore continued their journey east ward, until they finally got to a place called EPE, not far from the present Ondo town.5

 

Limitation of the Study

The researcher encountered a few problems in the course of researching. Few of the people are illiterate, due to this they are not willing to be interviewed by the researcher, out of seven chief, the researcher met four of them and three were unavoidably absent. Due to the pressure of time and financial constraint.

Organization of Chapters

Chapter one introduces the subject matter of the research work. It includes the background of the study, objective of the study, scope of the study, statement of the problem, significance of the study, methodology, justification of the study and limitation of the study.

Chapter two focuses on the literature review by giving historical explanation on the migrants in Ondo, The Idoko migration to Ondo Kingdom.

Chapter three examines the political life of Idoko people and the victory of Idoko people over Benin overlord.

Chapter four focuses on the socio-economic structure of Idoko people and their cultural influence on Ondo Kingdom.

Chapter five summarizes the study, also focus on conclusion and make some recommendations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

END NOTE

  1. Iloeje (1965) A New Geography of Nigeria, Longman. P. 159
  2. Bada S.O (1940) Iwe Itan Ondo, Ondo, Igbehin Adun Press P.79
  3. Chief Adewole Adesina (Igbeba of Ondo Kingdom) Age 54, No 24 Odosida Ondo. 26/03/2016.
  4. Johnson (1921) History of the Yoruba CSS Book Lagos.
  5. Chief Damilola Oladimeji (Otunba) Age 72 Surveyor No Mosunmola Street Ondo 25/03/2016.

 

 

 

 

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