PARTY POLITICS AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA PARTY SYSTEM A CASE STUDY OF THE PEOPLES DEMOCRATIC PARTY

PARTY POLITICS AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA PARTY SYSTEM                                                 A CASE STUDY OF THE PEOPLES DEMOCRATIC PARTY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Title Page…………………………………………………

Approval Page……………………………………………

Certification………………………………………………

Dedication…………………………………………………

Acknowledgement………………………..………………

Table of contents…………………………………………..

Abstract……………………………………………………

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

Background of the study…………………………………

Statement of the Problem……….……………………….

Objective of the Study…………………………………..

Significance of the Study………………………………..

Research Question ………………………………………

Research Hypotheses …………..……………………….

Scope of the Study ………………………………………

Limitation of the Study …………………………………

Definition of Terms …………..………………………….

CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review

Conceptual Framework ..………………………………..

Basis for Political Participation …………………..……

Trends in Development of Political Parties in Nigeria…

Formation and Development of PDP ………………….

Crisis Management in Nigeria Party System…………..

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology

Research Design ………………………………………

Method of Data Collection ……………………………

Method of Data Analysis …………………………….

Sample Size……………………………………………

CHAPTER FOUR: Data Analysis and Interpretation

Analysis and Findings …….………….………………

Summary of the Result ………………………………

CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

Summary ……………………………………………..

Conclusion ….………..…………………………..…..

Recommendations ……………………………………..

REFERENCES

 ABSTRACT

The main objective of this research work/ is to critically examine the party politics and crisis management in Nigeria party system since inception which is limited to Peoples’ Democratic Party. In line with the research questions, hypothesis was formulated. It was on this note that principal findings were deducted. Conclusively, it is of the researcher opinion that this project will serve as a guide and reference materials to students’ and potential scholars in related field and to all political parties in Nigerian.

                                        CHAPTER ONE           

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

The Federal Republic of Nigeria covered an area of 923,76889km on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea. Its population is extremely diverse with over 250 ethnic group including Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, Ibo, Tiv, Kanuri, Edo, Nupe, Ibibio and Ijaw account for nearly 80% of the total population.

The coastal enclave of Lagos became a British Colony in 1861, a center for expansion of British trade, missions and political influence. Late 18th and early 20th century, Lagos was also a center for educated West African elements which were to play prominent roles in the development of Pan-Africanism as well as Nigerian Nationalism.

The Northern and Southern Nigeria were merged into single territory in 1914, and a legislative council initially with limited African representation was created in 1922. Traditional native rulers however admitted various territories under the supervision of the colonial government. In 1947 a Federal system of government was established under kingdom. This system was based on three region; Eastern, Western and Northern.

Before independence, nationalist continued their demand for the extension of franchise and the holding of direct elections. The federation became self-governing in 1954. The Federation of Nigeria achieves independent on 1st October 1960, Tafawa Balewa of (NPC) Northern People Congress became the federal prime minister and minister for foreign affairs and Dr. Nnamdi Azikwe of NCNC became the Head of state. This continued until October 1963 when the country adopted a revised constitution and Dr. Azikwe took office as Nigeria’s first president. The major problem that confronted the federal Government within the period was threat to Federal Government unity evidence by ethnic rivalry, factionalism and desire for autonomy within the federal system. This led to the formation of various political groupings and political alliances.

Statement of the Problem

In recent times, Nigeria has been facing various political crises from all level of government and in most of the major political parties, particularly the ruling People Democratic party.

We are aware that parties should possess certain characteristic and that they are meant to perform certain functions, hence we shall try to assess the role of political parties in Nigeria since 2003 through this research work. Since 2003 the role of political parties is still fluid, in many cases the so called political parties since 2003 have become a major part of the problem in Nigeria.

The issues in the plural character of Nigeria should have reviewed in 1998 as was done in 1989 throwing the system open to anyone with ethnic and religious agenda. Today tribalism or ethnicity or regionalism or statism is a reversed platform for aspiring politicians and for those in various offices in the country. This is a delimitating disease. It is worse than what Sir. James Robertson released in 1974 when he confessed after fourteen years   of   leaving   Nigeria,   that   the   British   colonial   rules underestimated the strength of tribalism in Nigeria.

It’s obvious that a lot of scholars and people have written on various party politics and crisis management in Nigeria party system and no agreed and complete resolution have been made. This has attracted us into embarking on this research work and write on the crisis and how it was resolved in the past. This could give the general citizen in future the knowledge to solve future crisis.

Objectives of the Study

  1. The study is concerned with the examination of the Nigerian political system and how political crisis is being managed.
  2. The study views the trends in development of political parties in Nigeria. That is how political parties have being performing the growth, achievement and various setbacks from pre 1966 period, the first republic down to the present sixth republic.
  3. It is also to orientate us on the formation of the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). Their major political crisis and how they are managed to serve as a step for future political parties in Nigeria and other Nations.

Significance of the Study

It is hoped that this work will create awareness for the federal government of Nigeria to work into areas of effectiveness as well as weakness in her party system with the view of opting for the best system to implement. The study will serve as guide to the Nigeria citizens on their basic fundamental human rights and also gives them knowledge on participating in government.

It is also hoped that it will have impacts on the nation political parties. The crisis and management among the Peoples Democratic Parties (POP) will serve as a lesson to other political parties in Nigeria. It is hoped that the study would serve as a useful material for future research and researchers.

Research Question

In line with the bjective of this study, the following research questions were drawn; hypotheses were also formulated and adopted in order to draw a logical conclusion.

  1. Does Nigeria have a viable party system? Is there any prospect of having a viable party system and what are factors militating against a viable party system in Nigeria?
  2. Does Nigeria have a democratic order? Is there any prospect of having a democratic order and what are the factors impeding the full realization of democratic order in Nigeria?
  3. Has there been any positive effect of political crisis management to the development and growth of Nigeria political parties and the future of the fifty two (52) political parties.

Research Hypothesis

Hypothesis I: There is no viable party system in Nigeria, but there is a prospect of having a viable party system.

Hypothesis II: There is no viable democratic order, but there is a prospect of having a democratic order in Nigeria

Hypothesis III: There is a significant positive effect of political crisis management and a meaningful future in the Nigerian political party development.

Scope of the Study

The scope of the study is concerned with the examination and activities in party politics and crisis management in Nigerian party system and majorly the crisis in the Peoples Democratic Party and how they are managed.

Limitation of the Study

This project work will be conducted to study the party politics and crisis management in Nigerian party system. Particularly in the People’s Democratic Party. The focus may be for effective and detail understanding of crisis in political parties, as other parties may have peculiar cases and situations.

Definition of Terms

Politics: In this study it was seen as the process by which groups make collective decisions. It is the activity by which differing interests within a given unit of rule are conciliated by giving them a share in power in proportion to their importance to the welfare and the survival of their community.

Party System: Is defined as a type of governmental political arrangement in which political parties are permitted to operate for the purpose of forming a government on political party basis.

Political Party: Is an organized group of people who share similar political opinions, principles, interests and beliefs with the aim of gaining political power and governing the country.

 

 

 

 

References

Remi Anifowose and Francis Enemuo (1999). Elements of Politics Lagos, Maithouse Publisher.

Johnson Ugoji Anyaele (1999). Comprehensive Government for Schools Ibadan, Delink Publisher.

Rod Hague, Martin Harrop and Shaun Breslin (1993). Comparative Government and Politics, London Macmillian.

Osemwota, Khakhu and Tonwe (1996). Research and Statistical Methods in Social Science, Humanities and Education. Nigeria   Amfitop Publisher.

 

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Various studies have been carried out on political party in Nigeria. Also studies

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