PROBLEM FACING TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOL

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

English language plays an important role in the development of Nigeria, of all the heritage left behind in Nigeria by the British, at the end of colonian administration non is more important than the English language. It is now the language of government, business, commerce, education, media mass, literature as well as both internal and international communication.

Daddi Crystal (2000:42) assert that: “Language is the most frequently used and most highly developed from of human communication”. English Language is mainly the instrument of communication among the peoples in the world.

The importance of English Language as a second language (L2) cannot be overemphasized. It is the language of education up to the University level; besides, there are some other roles attached to it which shall be fully discussed in this research work.

Thus it should be noted that the standard of education most especially in English language has felled. Many teacher believe that the falling standard is due to various factors traceable to both the school (that is the teachers and students) and the home.

Today, all the problems facing the learning and teaching of English language were caused by the students, the parents and the community, the English language teachers and the government.

Psychologically, the proper development of the child entails that he acquires and be familiar with a language. The first language (L1) that is, the mother tongue is the one in which he dreams, thinks, remembers and in which he can conveniently and easily express his feeling and emotions. Now the interference of another foreign and borrowed language with indispensable source of living language becomes a task in which case the child finds himself in an awkward position.

The Nigerian learners’ position or situation is made more critical and delicate because of lack of qualified, competent and efficient teachers of English language. The few one we have cannot help the teaching English language effectively. Most of the teachers handling English language effectively. Most of the teachers handling English language in individual classes are not sure of themselves. Most of them are non-specialist teachers in the subject they teach.

In this study, Yoruba Language would be used in comparison to English language. The problems area in pronounciation, writing, speaking, reading etc. of the langauge will be pointed out linguistic interference (that is the transferring of native language structure into English language pronounciation) have a great influence on the teaching of English language in Ikere Local Government secondary school. The study will also lay emphasis on the problems that students confront in pronouncing some consonants sounds.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

The study is designed to find out some of the factors affecting the learning and teaching of English language in the secondary schools. a case study of some selected secondary schools in Ikere Local Government in Ekiti State. Thus, it is designed to ask the following research questions:

 

Research Questions

  1. Are the schools provided with qualified English Language teachers?
  2. Is there any means by which language interference affect the teaching and learning of English language?
  3. Who are actually responsible for the problems facing the learning and teaching of English language? is it the government, teachers, students, parets or communities?
  4. Is there any follow-up or continuous assessment to monitor the progress of the language within the student?
  5. Is there a follow-up of English speaking outside the school compound to supplement English teaching in the secondary schools?
  6. Do schools have any programme like debates, quiz, competitions and seminar?

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

This research was designed to investigate the common problems facing the learning and teaching of English language in selected secondary schools in Ikere Local Government area of Ekiti State with the hope of findings solutions to them.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study will focus on the common problems of learning and teaching of English language in the secondary schools in Ikere Local Government. The Local Government has about fourteen secondary schools. The study will be limited to four in each of the schools.

LIMITATIONS

There are some limiting factors during the course of study which need to be stated. The study requires moving from one school to the other, these cause a bit of a problem. Also, getting to some libraries, the expected book to consult is not available. The responsibility of some respondents not able to give factual statements could not be rule out. Despite the above limitations, this study will surely serves as a guideline for further studies.

 

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