role of information and communication technology in the teaching of health education among students of university of Nigeria

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Information and communication technologies (ICT) emergence in the society has made the world a global village. Its relevance in a globally competitive society cannot be overemphasized as ICT has become common place entities in all aspects of life. The emergence of ICT in this century is a significant development in education and as well has an impact on the teaching and learning of Physical and Health Education (PHE) is faced with the challenges of a new era dominated by e-learning (Donatus, Aniodo, David & Ayalogu, 2012). Also, the teaching and learning in the 21st Century is becoming increasingly reliant on new technologies. Information and communication technologies (ICT) provide an excellent vehicle for engaging students in learning, it have become key tool and had a revolutionary impact on how we see the world and how we live. ICT’s impacts on education (e-learning) in general have been established.

Recent report revealed that the readiness of ICT in the Sub-Saharan Africa is still very low with most countries experiencing strong lags in connectivity because of the insufficient development of ICT infrastructures. While the developed world continues to witness development of ICT, sub-Saharan Africa is still lagging behind due to poor quality services (Global ICT Chart Report: Guardian, Friday April, 2012). The report also ranged African countries on the global ICT Chart. While Nigeria was ranked 112th on the global ICT Chart, other countries in the African continent like Mauritius, South Africa, Rwanda, Botswana, Kenya and Senegal were ranked 53rd, 71st, 82nd, 89th, 93rd and 100th respectively (Guardian, 2012). The report indicated that African countries suffer from severe weaknesses in all components of the index of ICT which ranges from poor connectivity caused by expensive and poor quality ICT infrastructure to very low levels of basic skills and a weak framework for technology (Guardian, Friday April, 2012).

Information and communication technology means different things to different educators and researchers hence there are various views and definitions of ICT. Yusuf (2007) described ICT as an electronic technology used for accessing, processing, gathering, manipulating, presenting and communicating information. He emphasized that when ICTs are employed in education, they can accelerate, enrich and deepen basic skills in reading, writing, arithmetic and the sciences beside motivating and encouraging students to learn as they become more independent and responsible for their learning. According to Obanya (2002) information and communication technology is a broad concept that has to do with the harnessing of the process, the methods and the product of electronic and communication related technologies (and other related resources in today’s knowledge – driven society), for enhancing the availability, the spread and efficiency of a set of programmed activities geared towards the achievement of clearly defined goals. Nwakundo, Oguejiofor and Nwankwo (2006) views ICT as a tool that comprises electronic devices which are utilized for the information and communication needs of institutions, organizations, students and individuals. Such electronic devices include computers (software and hardware), networking, telephone, video, multimedia and internet.

Application and utilization of therefore mentioned devices convert data, text messages, sounds and motion to common digital forms. Therefore, information and communication technology is the use of the computer as well as other electronic telecommunication appliances to input, store, and retrieve information from different sources, create and transfer messages in form of ideas and also input knowledge to recipients. In line with the above definition of ICT, it is obvious to conclude that to prepare Physical and Health Education teachers and their students in Nigerian tertiary schools to meet the demands of a global world, complete internet and intranet services should be put in place in tertiary schools (Yusuf,2007). To achieve the above stated objective, ICT is important as it is a teaching tool that improves the quality of secondary school student’s education and support teachers’ work inside and beyond the classroom. There is no gainsaying the fact that the application of ICT in the teaching and learning of Physical and Health Education in tertiary schools will effective acquisition of the necessary skills that will enable the students themselves contribute to the growth, improvement and development of the nation socially and economically.

Information Communication Technology (ICT) as put together by Bamidele (2006) as a scientific method of storing and processing information and correspondingly sharing, exchanging and sending or moving such information from one place to another. He further defined them to mean computers, ancillary equipment, software, hardware, other services and resources interconnected together to form networks that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage,

manipulation, managements, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission or

reception of data or information.

Aribisala (2006) described Information Communication Technology (ICT) as generally regarded as the super highway through which information is transmitted and shared by people all over the world. ICT is now making a change technologically in the world and virtually converting the world into a global village, where countries in the world are at different stages of integrating information communication technology (ICT) into everyday practice of its citizens, including teaching and learning process, politics, industry, economy and others. The emergence of the computer system and its ability to be networked together connecting the global world like never before, gave birth to the fastest and easiest mode of communication where any part of the world could be linked within minutes. The internet allows people all over the globe to communicate with each other, there is no doubt about it for those with access to ICT, and the world is now a much smaller place or a global village. The relevance of ICT in a globally competitive society cannot be overemphasized as it has become common place entities in all aspects of life.

The marriage between ICT and education industry have revolutionized the educational sector, and this new revolution, has started to emerge and is seriously changing the old systems in which individuals, government, public and private sectors operates (Osunrinde,2002). Technology has been used to support teaching and learning most especially post-secondary education. Quite often, technology has been practiced to supplement classroom teaching. Computers are now commonly used to present seminars at conferences and also to deliver lectures and the internet is now more in use to assess web sites to support lectures.

However, the advent of these technologies such as the internet, computer based multimedia and the World Wide Web (WWW) have resulted in significant changes in the teaching and learning process. This has made it imperative for the future shapers and movers of our society, most especially students at all levels of education to acquire and have a deep knowledge of the capabilities of the computer and information processing system. Careers and private lives have been influenced and greatly affected by the revolution in computer technology.

Omotoso (2006) recorded that the National Universities Commission (NUC) Benchmark, made the study of computer compulsory for all university undergraduates in the bid to assist in the acceleration of global integration and understanding. He therefore posited that, a working knowledge of the computer is necessary in areas of health education, law, engineering, science and technology, politics, accounting, etc. Truly, the use of the computer is relevant in all fields of human endeavor.

Statement of the problem

The researcher observed that the need for the use of ICT teaching and learning is being attested by different researchers as being effective in improving teaching and learning. In the present information age, the issue of students’ use of ICT is of crucial importance. This is so because the use of ICT by students would enhance competence and confidence in them. However, many students still patronize traditional book materials as a source of information in our colleges, polytechnics and universities rather than ICT they are more efficient and reliable.

However, the improvements in the quality of Education have been the concern of Teacher Education in the past few decades, Health Education as an integral part of this process is therefore not an exception. Improvement in the teaching and learning of Health Education can only be enhanced and be more realistic through the application of Information Communication Technology (ICT). The emphasis of a activity of the health education students is on qualitative assessment of the performance which can be conducted with the assistance of videotapes or motion pictures. In any case, the teacher or the analyst must use a systematic approach in the observation of the performance. There is paucity of information on this area, therefore, the researcher intends to investigate the roles of information communication technology in the teaching of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Ikere campus.

Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the roles of information communication technology in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus. Specifically, the study is intended to find out:

 

  1. Ifenhancement of teaching and learning process isa role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.
  2. if production of quality and accessibility of education isa role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.
  3. if learning motivation isa role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.
  4. if enhancement of the scholastic performance isa role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.

Significance of the study

The result of findings from this study will be of help to the students, to improve and optimize their performance in health education courses. The study will be of help to academic staff of the department of health education to make case for the use of information and communication technology in the teaching of health education in a teacher trained institution like College of Education, Ikere.

This study will help to identify challenges facing the utilization of ICT in the teaching and learning among university undergraduate students. It will also serve as a way of improving some related problem associated with the use of information and communication technology in the educational system of higher institution of learning. Also, the research work will help to generate necessary information on the good, the bad and ugly of ICT in the teaching and learning process of health education. Hence, the study will reveal how the use of information and communication technology can be made effective and productive in helping the students to learn at their own pace of ability and intelligent quotient.

The study will provide detailed information on the use of computer and technology devices, its application and relevance among students. The study will offer the students, teachers, health educator, administrator and curriculum planners of having an insight into the impact of information and communication technology use in teaching of health education concept. The study will also provide adequate and firsthand information opportunity for researchers who will like to research on this topic or related ones.

Scope of the study

This study will be delimited to the role of information and communication technology in the teaching of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka  Ikere campus.  The research will involve independent variable of the roles of information and communication technology in health education and dependent variables among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka , Ikere campus.

The research will involve two (2) research assistants who will be trained by the researcher. The research instrument will be a structured questionnaire which will cover the four variables of the study. The research questions will be answered using descriptive statistic of frequency counts with simple percentage and inferential statistic of Chi-Square(x2) will be used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The area of the study will be delimited to the health education students of the department of physical, health education and recreation of University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.

Research questions

  1. Can enhancement of teaching and learning process be arole of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus?
  2. Will production of quality and accessibility of education be a role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health educationamong students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus?
  3. Can learning motivation be arole of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus?
  4. Canenhancement of the scholastic performance be arole of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus?

Hypotheses

The following hypotheses are put forward for the purpose of this study:

  1. Enhancement of teaching and learning process cannot significantly be a role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.
  2. Production of the quality and accessibility of education cannot significantly be a role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.
  3. Learning motivation cannot significantly be a role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.
  4. Enhancement of the scholastic performance cannot significantly be a role of ICT in the teaching and learning of health education among students of university of Nigeria, Nsukka, Ikere campus.

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Updated: August 22, 2019 — 8:09 pm

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