TECHNIQUES OF HANDLING DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS AMONG STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

TECHNIQUES OF HANDLING DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS AMONG STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the Techniques of handling disciplinary problems among students in secondary schools in Ado local government area of Ekiti State. Three research questions were raised for the purpose of effectively carrying out of the study, questionnaires were structures to elicit information from respondents. One hundred teachers were randomly selected from five different schools in the focus area and frequency table, simple percentage techniques were used to analyse the data collected. It was discovered that indiscipline of students is as a result of parental influence, teacher’ attitude, government activities and school administrators’ influence. It was thus further recommended by the researcher that to curb indiscipline among students’ both the home and school environment should be made exciting and conducive for learning to the students, and other educational requirement such as library, laboratory, workshop should be provided and equipped by parents, teachers, government and all stakeholders in education. Also, students’ should be taught on how to have good behaviour and respect for the parents, teachers and all stakeholders that will be acceptable in the society.

 

Page

Title Page…………………………………………………

Approval Page……………………………………………

Certification………………………………………………

Dedication…………………………………………………

Acknowledgements………………………..………………

Table of contents…………………………………………..

Abstract……………………………………………………

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

Background of the study…………………………………

Statement of the Problem……….……………………….

Purpose of the Study…………………………………….

Significance of the Study………………………………..

Research Questions …………………………………….

Scope and Limitation of the Study………………………

Definition of the Term …………………………………..

CHAPTER TWO: Review of Literature

Conceptual Approach of School Discipline ……………

Types of Disciplinary Problems in Secondary School……

Causes of Disciplinary Problems…………………………..

Theoretical Framework: Management of Disciplinary Problems…..

CHAPTER THREE: Methodology

Research Design…………………………………………………

Population of the Study …………………………………………..

Sample and Sampling Technique .………………………………

Instrument for Data Collection.…………….…………………..

Validity of the Instrument…….…………………………………

Reliability of Instrument ………………………………………

Administration of the Instrument ……………………………..

Data Analysis ………………….……………………………….

CHAPTER FOUR: Results and Discussion

Results and Discussion ……………………………………….

CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

Summary ……………………………………………………..

Conclusion ….………..…………………………..…………..

Recommendations ……………………………………………

Suggestions for further researches…………………………..

REFERENCES ………………………………….………….

APPENDIX………………………………………………….

 

 

  

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

In Nigeria today, there is a general concern over the problem of indiscipline among students in particular because it constitutes a danger in our society. We read in the dailies about students of secondary schools behaving in ways that do not conform with norms of the society.

Discipline in modern term is not restricted to total disobedience to school rules and regulations, in addition it connotes positive participation in school activities especially teaching and learning, in all of these, self-control is the key ingredient which all agencies of education (the home, the school, the church or mosque, the education authority and the community) must assist the child to cultivate. In this regards, discipline is an integral part of education.

A number of reason have been advanced as possible causes of indiscipline behaviour among students, such reason include, school management that is lack of facilities and equipment in schools, lack of motivated qualified staff, lack of encouragement to teachers, school administration, failure on the part of the principal to promote cordial working relationship with the staff and students.

Insubordinates of staff to the principal lack of sincerity and devotion to duty and moral laxity of teachers and students, poor attitude to learning, poor home training, unrealistic expectation and in school with a view to identify the most potent ones among them.

Bloom and Slesnick, (1969) for instance, emphasized that the molding of the child is accomplished through person-to-person interaction and the family is the major agency through which this socialization takes place that is there is a relationship between structure and juvenile delinquency.

Oloruntimehin, (1974) and Abiodun, (1986) found that children from broken home as well as children who have access to phonographic material engage in delinquent acts, such as sexual activities and stealing.

According to Sheviakor and Red, (1986) as cited by Oyesola, (2000). Factor attributed to misconduct in schools are frustration, inhibition, broken homes, ill-health, personal Maladjustment, dissatisfaction in school work, emotional unrest in relationship to others, disturbance in the classroom climate, lack of harmony between classroom, control and the need of a student for emancipation, emotional strains that accompany sudden changes from one activity to another and composition of the classroom group.

Ipeye, (1989), also explain the concept of discipline as the one which encompass theoretical and modes of behavior, reality which shows clearly the dividing line between acceptable and unacceptable behaviors and as a practice which relate to normative modes of doing things within a given time.

Adesina, (1980), viewed indiscipline as the one which includes disrespect of school authorities, habit of individual, collective misbehaviors of the students and disregards for school rule and regulations.   Behavior modification is base on correction and control of misbehavior through direct instruction, reinforcement techniques, punishment-orientation techniques, and other modification approaches.

Mother and Goldstein (2001) explained that behavior modification assume that observable and measurable behaviors are good target for change. All behaviors follow a set of consistence rule. Methods can be developed for defining observing and measuring behaviors, as well as designing effective interventions. Behavior   can be changed maintained or shaped by the consequences of that behavior.

In addition these, the researcher intend to look into the opinions of parents and their involvement in the discipline of their children. I will also seek the co-operation of the teachers in employing modern ways of discipline students such as personal interaction with student.

Finally, the school counsellors should be fully involve in the discipline of students

Statement of the Problem

To investigate the techniques in handling indiscipline among students in secondary school in Ado local government Area of Ekiti State. To recommend suggestive solution that could be used in our secondary schools by educators as far as discipline is concerned.

To employ avenue by which the various government in the federation can the adequate care o9f the indiscipline among students in our schools. The problems that the researcher intends to find out are as follows: maladjusted behavior of the students causes of indiscipline among the students, techniques of the students behavior impact of the behavioral modification.

This study will finally give possible solutions on how the problems will be solved.

Purpose of Study

The researcher is concerned with the alarming rate of indiscipline problems among students in secondary school in Ado local government Area of Ekiti State. The purpose of this study then is to identify the major disciplinary problems common to students and suggest effective techniques of handling such problems.

Furthermore, is to identify strategies that could be used in handling controlling students acts of indiscipline in our secondary schools, it is also aimed at finding out some roles of the P.T.A teachers and managerial functions of the head principle in the effective management of students in disciplinary problems among student in secondary school in Ado metropolitan.

Significance of the Study

This research is aimed at identifying disciplinary problems and techniques for handling them among secondary school students in Ado Ekiti, Area in Ekiti state

This study is in response to observations made by teachers and members of the community or public including new media and their concern for finding lasting solutions or best means of impacting desire behavior in students.

The act of students’ indiscipline, as a result of social problems has been noticed by everybody in the entire society including the teachers and parents alike have been administering some form of corporal punishment to curb this social maladjustment but with all efforts being fruitless.

In the same vein federal government make their contribution in order to combat techniques of handling disciplinary in the society our schools is also significant because it will be handy to school administrators on how to counsel and manage crisis in school generally and Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state in particular.

Research Questions

  1. What are the maladjusted behaviors in selected secondary schools in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state?
  2. What are the cause of indiscipline among secondary school students in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state?
  3. What are the behavior modification techniques use by counselor to correct secondary school students indiscipline behavior in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state?

 

Scope and the Limitation of the Study

The research ought to cover all secondary school in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state as a whole, but due to time factor and financial constraints of the researcher, the researcher s limited to five secondary schools in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state

Also, the limited of this study is to investigate the indiscipline and the techniques used to manage such indecent behavior, techniques used to disciplinary problems among student in secondary schools in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state.

Definition of Terms

  1. Maladjustment: this refers to the inability to adjust to the demands of interpersonal relationships
  2. Insubordination: This is the act of willingfuly disobeying ones superior, refusing to perform an action that is unethical or illegal
  3. Emancipation: Is any of various efforts to procuring economic and social right, political right or equality.
  4. Delinquent: May refers to a person who commits a felony, nor a young person who regularly does illegal things.
  5. Disciplinary: Procedure are asset way for an employer to deal with disciplinary issues, they should measured a disciplinary, hearing where you are given a chance to explain your side of the story. It is also a systematic procedure formular, or routine by which a task is accomplished.
  6. Modification: this refers to a change in behavior, something, such as a systematic or style in an other words modification is a noun that means the act of making something different e.g. a change or alteration usually to make something work better.
  7. Techniques: is a procedure to complete a task, it is also a systematic method to obtain information of a scientific nature.
  8. Constitutes: is to make up a whole from smaller part, e.g. what constitutes a family? Means what constitutes or makes up a family is parents, kinds, pets, and other family members.

 

 

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