THE EFFECTS OF MOTIVATION ON STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE. A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS
The effects of motivation on students performance in the learning of English language cannot be over emphasized, this is because, the positive effect of motivation to a large extent will definitely improve the quality of teaching and learning which has hither to been grossly impeded as a result of our traditional classroom teaching and learning method which only thrive on the crude use of rod and corporal measures in moving the heart of the learners to the teaching.
Thus, this study investigates some motivational indices that could aid the performance of students in the learning of English language in secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State with a view to suggesting ways for better academic performance of English language being the bedrock of Education learning in our schools as it is our lingua franca, improved performance in it will enable improved performance in other subjects and consequently improve the educational sector and by implication, improve the Educational growth of the country.
This study recommends among others that government education policy marks, curriculum developers, academic researchers and administrators in schools should ensure that instructional concepts are well developed and utilized in schools.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE i
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Purpose of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Significant of the Study
Scopes of Limitation of the Study
Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Motivation Definition and Importance
Theories of Motivation
Motivation in Learning
Appraisal of Literature
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Population of the study
Sample and sampling techniques
Validity and reliability of research instrument
CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA & DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
Suggestion for further studies
1.1 Background to the Study
The importance of education in modern society cannot be over emphasized, education is a basic force for the socio-economic and political transformation on any society. it is equally a fact that no nation can develop to her fullest and keep pace with trends in science and technology without an effective educational system. However, there have been hues and cries both within and outside the country that the standard of education in Nigeria has fallen and that the educational system may soon collapse if urgent attention is not devoted to it. Many more scholars, eminent Nigerians, parents and concerned citizens have expressed the same feelings about the bad and sorry state of our educational system.
Students achievement result in English language is of great concern to the entire nation. The dwindling performance has sent a signal to all stakeholders in education seater for the need for a change in this ugly trend. Many factors have been deduced pointing towards the same direction of teaching methodology.Thus a comprehensive study has shown that motivation has been identified as one of such major tool to reverse this ugly trend in the teaching of English Language Kolawole G.A. (2006).
The subject, English Language is isolated for study because it is our Lingua Franca and its use starts with child from kindergarten all through to the university, its relevance to all other fields and being of great advantage in school development, business initiatives and in delivery of instructions to students. in lieu of these facts, the role of English Language cannot be over emphasized if the reality of the nations development goals and technological advancement would be realized.A special consideration should be devoted to English Language.
English Language as a subject should be taken into consideration in schools particularly in secondary schools and higher institution the use of teaching and instructional aids by the teachers as a motivation to make the subject friendly and interesting. This is believed to make a positive landmark in the mind of the leaners and in retrospect a positive performance in the learners.
Before taking into full focus the effectiveness of motivation on the performance of the students for the purpose of this study, it would be better to point out the problems facing English teachers and leaners in the teaching and learning of English Language, Adenuga R.A. (2004) such as;
- Individual differences among students –concept of slow learners and fast leaners.
- Un updated curriculum vitae
- Resource materials for leaners
- Inadequacy of trained, experienced and licensed teachers
- Inadequacy of sophisticated teaching aids replacing obsolete ones in use
The above listed facts are some of the problems in the teaching and learning of English Language in schools.
This study would be out to find answer to the following questions:
- Is there difference between these who are taught with positive reinforcement and those who are not?
- Is there difference between male and female students taught with positive reinforcement?
However, emphasis would be placed on the use of teaching aids as motivation in teaching English Language in secondary schools stimulating the present investigation to find out whether or not the use of teaching aids as motivation will have positive effect on the performance of the students in learning of English Language in secondary schools.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The study seek to investigate the positive effect of motivation as a tool for better academic performance in the learning and teaching of English language among some selected secondary school students in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
1.3 The Significant of the Study
This research work is to find out the extent and the relative effectiveness of motivating the students in English Language teaching. The ideas generated or purchased and well utilized could be the soothing balm for an exploit in the annals of English Language teaching.
The whole idea is to show case the great potential embedded in teachers using motivation as a tool in the teaching of English Language and how they can maximize this potential. It is my opinion that the government and the society as a whole would benefit from this findings. This is because it would make English Language more interesting, in other words it would improve and enhance the understanding of the subject.
1.4 Purpose of the Study
The inter-relationship that exists between motivation by the teacher and performance on the part of the students is the major focus and this forms the bases for the research effort in unraveling the mystery behind the odd scenario of failure in English Language. The researchers shall use succinct information and investigative approach in solving the problems facing the teaching and learning of English Language with the possibility of using the teaching aids and other forms of motivational tools to teach the subjects. This will help in finding a lasting solution and answers to the controversial question often been raised that, who failed whenever there is a poor result in English Language examination, the teacher or the learner?
It is assumed that the use of teaching aid as motivational tool will be of help to teach English language in particular. Hence, the study is aimed at finding out the effect of motivating the students by using teaching aids to teach English Language in secondary schools and also the validity of reward and punishment in teaching students.
For the purpose of this study, the following hypotheses would be tested:
- There will be no significance difference in the performance of students in English Language of students taught with positive reinforcement and that of those taught without positive reinforcement.
- There will be no significance difference in the performance in English Language of male and female taught with positive reinforcement.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This study would be carried out in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti state. This will show the effect of motivation on the performance of secondary school students in some selected schools in this area.
1.7 Limitation to the Study
Ikere Local Government, the area of study, is one of the sixteen Local Government Area in Ekiti State. Four randomly selected secondary schools would be used for the study. This would limit the generalization of the result which is the major limitation of this study.
1.8 Definition of Terms
The term that would be employed in this study lend themselves to different usage as well as varied interpretation. It is therefore appropriate to operationalize such terms. This will make the perspective readers free from misconception and ambiguity.
Motivation: In this study, motivation refers to various factors like monetary incentives, promotion, in-service training, encouragement, discipline, responsibilities and recognition that energies or encourage the learners to perform better in the learning of English Language
Teacher: This means those personnel in the educational institutions responsible for the teaching of learners and is still in active service
Performance: It refers to the active interaction of human resources with materials, capital and equipment to provide results. it refers to achievement in terms of goals set.
Learning: It refers to series of experiences which modifies behaviours. It is acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge behaviour, skills, values or preferences. It is a permanent change in behaviour that results from previous experiences.
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