THE EFFECTS OF QUALIFIED TEACHERS ON THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SELECTED JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

THE EFFECTS OF QUALIFIED TEACHERS ON THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SELECTED JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents                                                                                                  Page

TITLE PAGE

APPROVAL PAGE

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER

      I              INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Statement of problem

Purpose of the study

Significance of the study

Scope of the study

Research questions

Research hypotheses

Definition of terms

  II              REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Concept of teacher quality

Teacher quality and internal efficiency

Inadequate and underutilization of qualified teachers

Teachers’ qualification and students’ academic performance

Qualified Teachers and Quality of Education

  III             METHODOLOGY

Research design

Area of the study

Population of the study

Sample and sampling techniques

Instrument for Data Collection

Validity of the instrument

Reliability of the instrument

Method of Data Analysis Techniques

   I V              PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION         OF RESULT   

               Demographic Data

Testing of Hypotheses

Discussion of Findings

  V            SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary of the Study

Conclusion

Recommendations

Limitations of the study

Suggestions for Further Research

REFERENCES                                                                                        

APPENDIX                                                                                                                                                                


 

ABSTRACT

The study focused on the effect of qualified teachers on the effective teaching and learning of Financial Accounting in selected senior secondary schools in Ikere-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti state. The main objective of the study was to find out the difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by teachers with high qualification and those taught by teachers with low qualification. Also, to determine the difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by skilled teachers and those taught by unskilled teachers  and investigate the difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by male and female skilled teachers. To achieve this, designed research questions were used for this study with a population of 100 students. The questions were administered on a sampled population randomly selected within the ten (10) Senior Secondary Schools of the study area. The data collected from the respondents were analyzed using simple percentage and mean. This study revealed that teacher’s academic qualification only is not enough to positively affect academic performance of secondary school students but a professional qualification in a specified field of study. The study showed that gender differences of the teachers has no effect on their ability to impact knowledge, experience however, cannot be jettisoned when considering teacher’s effectiveness. The study therefore, recommended that teachers with professional qualification(s) at higher level should teach Financial Accounting in the secondary schools.  Government should encourage the professional teachers especially in Financial Accounting through incentives and worthwhile allowance.

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The mastery of a subject is determined by the performance of the students in such a subject at a prescribed examination. Any interactive activity between a teacher and the students is expected to produce learning outcomes in the learners. When such an activity failed to produce a change in behaviour (learning) in the learners, then, there is a problem.

According to Ango (2010), students’ poor performance in Financial Accounting globally is basically due to lack of involving the students in the teaching learning activities right from the beginning of any new concept to be taught, lack of qualified teachers as well as experiences in teaching and unavailability and/or insufficiency of materials in the laboratories.  The impact of the teachers in the performance of the students is germane. The teachers are the facilitators who are to impact into the students the concepts expected to be learnt.

This laudable objective would not be realized when the students are taught by incompetent teachers. Such teachers would not be able to properly and adequately disseminate the concepts to the students. Financial Accounting, being one of the pivotal subjects in technology, its effective teaching must be handled with all seriousness. The competence of the Financial Accounting teachers in this regards would be of immeasurable value. One thing is to be well grounded in the conceptual understanding of a subject; another thing is to be well acquitted with the best method to pass the concepts across to the learners for proper comprehension. A professional teacher would be desirable in this regard.

The issue of professionalism in teaching has been on course for quite some decades ago. Scholars argued the necessity of skilled teachers for effective learning. Ngada in Fajonyomi (2007) emphasized that the success or failure of any educational programme rests majorly on the adequate availability of qualified (professional), competent and dedicated teachers. Seweje and Jegede (2005) noted that the ability of a teacher to teach is not derived only from one’s academic background but it is based upon outstanding pedagogical skill acquired. The realization of the national growth in technology as highlighted in the Nigeria national policy on education hinges (among others) largely on the quality of the Financial Accounting teachers.

There had been divergent views and reports as to the comparative ability of male and female in human endeavours, especially in education. A survey conducted by Ogbonnaya and Okunamiri (2008) on administrative effectiveness of male and female principals in Imo state, Nigeria revealed that female principals are more effective than their male counterparts in the management of instructional programmes, staff personnel administration, students personnel administration, management of finance and management of Financial Accounting resources or materials while the male principals are better in school-community relationships.

Ehindero and Ajibade (2010) asserted that “students, who are curious stakeholders in educational enterprise, have long suspected and speculated that some of their teachers lack the necessary professional qualifications. That is, skills, techniques, strategies required to communicate concepts, ideas, principles in a way that would facilitate effective learning.” They believed that these deficiencies contribute significantly to the growing rate of failure and subsequent drop out of students in secondary schools. These observations by stakeholders necessitate the need to investigate the effect of qualified teachers on the effective teaching and learning of Financial Accounting in selected senior secondary schools in Ikere-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti state.

Statement of the problem 

Teaching and learning of Financial Accounting depends to a large extent on teacher’s own knowledge of the content and ability to adequately deliver the instruction to the students. However a lot of variables may inhibit or hinder effective dissemination of knowledge to the understanding of the content by the students, such variables may be lack of qualified teachers, teachers’ qualification, experience, inadequate use of instructional materials among others. While the present study sought to determine the impact of qualified teachers on the effective teaching and learning of Financial Accounting in selected senior secondary schools in Ikere-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti state.

Purpose of Study

The broad objective of this study is to investigate the effect of qualified teachers on the effective teaching and learning of Financial Accounting in selected senior secondary schools in Ikere-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti state. The study intends to specifically:

  1. Find out the difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by teachers with high qualification and those taught by teachers with low qualification.
  2. Determine the difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by skilled teachers and those taught by unskilled teachers.
  3. Investigate difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by male and female skilled teachers.
  4. Ascertain the difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by long time experience and short time experience skilled teachers.

Significance of Study

The findings of the study would hopefully uplift the standard of Financial Accounting in the following ways: The study would contribute to the improvement of teaching and learning of Financial Accounting in senior secondary schools. That is to say it would help to improve teachers’ effectiveness by creating in them the urge to acquire professional knowledge and skill in Financial Accounting. Hence, it will improve students’ achievement in Financial Accounting in schools. The students learning rates and retention would also be enhanced. It would encourage active participation of the students in teaching and learning of Financial Accounting which would lead to meaningful learning outcomes; it would stimulate the curriculum developers and administrators to encourage teachers in all subject areas to acquire skills and attitude for developing effective usage of teaching method.

Fellow researchers will benefit from the findings of this study by gaining access to recent literature and it will make them be acquainted with present solutions of stepping up quality and experience of teachers in secondary schools. This study would also serve as a foundation for further studies in the teaching of Financial Accounting.

Scope of Study

This study was limited to senior secondary school one (SSS) Ikere-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti State. Financial Accounting students in senior secondary school that are form the sampled population. The study covers the effect of qualified teachers on the effective teaching and learning of Financial Accounting in selected senior secondary schools in Ikere-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti state

Research questions 

The following three research questions were raised to guide the study:

  1. Is there any significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by teachers with high qualification and those taught by teachers with low qualification?
  2. Is there any significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by skilled teachers and those taught by unskilled teachers?
  3. Is there any significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by male and female skilled teachers?
  4. Is there any significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by long time experience and short time experience skilled teachers?

Hypotheses 

Based on the above research questions, the following three hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance.

Ho1: There is no significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by teachers with high qualification and those taught by teachers with low qualification.

Ho2: There is no significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by skilled teachers and those taught by unskilled teachers.

Ho3: There is no significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by male and female skilled teachers.

Ho4: There is no significant difference in the performance of Financial Accounting students between those taught by long time experience and short time experience skilled teachers.

Definition of Terms

          The following terms were operationally defined in this study:

Teaching: This is the process of transferring ideas through methods by the teacher to the students’ in order to ensure learning.

Learning: This is the process of acquiring new ideas which involve change in behavior after acquiring new concept.

Students: someone who is studying at a university, school etc

Classroom: a room that you have lessons in at a school or college

Teacher: someone whose job is to teach, especially in a school

School: a place where children are taught

Experience: knowledge or skill that you gain from doing a job or activity, or the process of doing this

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