UTILIZING THE SCHOOL FARM FOR EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTION IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Assumption of the Study
Limitation of the Study
Definition of Term
II REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Design of the study
Area of the Study
Population of the study
Instrument for data collection
Validation of the instrument
Method of data collection
IV PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
V SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Implication of the study
Suggestions of further research
The purpose of the study was to utilizing the school farm for effective instruction in agricultural science in Oye Local Government Area of Ekiti State. This study answered five research questions, the population for the study was 20 teachers which also made up the sample. Questionnaire was administered on the respondents. The four points rating scale was used to rate the level of responses. It was found that means were used to analyze the data collected for the study, analysis shows that the purpose of school farm serves in effective instruction in agricultural science by providing worthwhile experience for student, Demonstrating practice for potential value to farm in the community, conducting practical experiment. How can agricultural science teachers effectively utilized the school farm in the teaching of various agricultural skills, by providing the students the experience skills and capabilities, providing opportunity to coordinate theory taught in classroom and practical experience, Assists students to apply few technology. How can the facilities and equipment, providing opportunity for proper servicing and maintenance. The problems associated with the effective utilization of the school farm, lack of practical competence due to training deficiencies, exploitation of students in the operation of the school farm, concentration on profit rather than the educational value of the farm.
Background of the Study
Despite the enormous “oil wealth” the country enjoyed within the past 3 decades, Nigeria with about 70% of her population engaged in agriculture.
In the past, school farm was integral part at the primary and secondary schools programmes. Early in their education career, primary and secondary schools pupils were made to appreciate the dignity of farm labour by being made to till the soul and cut grasses around the school compound.
However, the importance attached to farming especially food production started to decline in the early seventies die to factors such as increased school enrolment (Adesimi 1976) the upsurge in the construction industries resulting from the oil boom and availability of more employment opportunities out side farming (Olayide 1972) the low status accorded farmers in the society.
Young school leaves moving to towns and city in search of salary jobs thereby causing shortages of farm labour and food stuffs in the country.
It is now very clear that a situation in which Nigeria must so headily on foreign sources to feed her population will not show us any good. Once the depletion in the country dwindling foreign reserves.
The introduction of school to land programmes in some states utilizing the role school farm for effective teaching of agricultural education,
For instance Ekiti State Government mandated all secondary schools to embark on large scale farming government assisted each school by giving to the thousand naira, as a take off grant for food production under the supervision of the school agricultural teachers. This enables the teachers to involves the students in actualizing the set objectives. One should not expect secondary school students who where not exposed to farming in the school or who had to work on school farm as a form of punishment as a means of livelihood after leaving schools.
The best stage to “catch” the future generation of the farmers is at the secondary school level. Where the young people will be made to appreciate not only the dignity of labour in farming but also the farming could be as profitable as any other business venture.
Important lesson which should be learnt from the failure of farm programmes mentioned above are that successful agricultural programme must be well planed and unless the younger generation is encouraged nation desired to become “self sufficient” in food production many continue to elude us.
The proper utilization of the school farm with the effective teaching of agricultural education will equip the students with the methods and techniques of modern agriculture for agroallied industries and to also generate the money for financing the school programmes.
The acquisition of skills methods and techniques acquired by the students can only be accomplished through a balance, meaningful, practical and theoretical work in the school. The centre of learning and subsequence acquisition of these skills, method and techniques in the school farm.
Statement of Problem
It was observed that students who finished from secondary school and passed agricultural science with good grade hardly can practice the subject on the farm. This has been a problem because if all that passed agricultural science in school certificate can practice the subject equally as they performed in the examination the country will not face any food problem.
Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this study is to find out how teachers of agricultural science have effectively utilized the school farms for teaching of agricultural science in secondary schools. Precisely, the study is designed to find out,
- The purpose of the school farm services in effective instruction in agricultural science?
- How does the agricultural science teachers can effectively utilized agricultural science in teaching of various agricultural skills to students
- How facilities and equipment can be effectively utilized in the school farm?
- What are the problems associated with the utilization of school farm for teaching skills in agricultural science?
- How can utilization of school farm resources be improved to adequately assist the students in skill development.
Significance of the Study
The benefit of this study is to assess the utilization of school farm practice for effective teaching in various agricultural science units to senior secondary school student. The study will expose the types of instructional strategy used by the agricultural farm. Findings of the study will assist educational planners and policy makers in the restructuring of the curriculum to meet the present dimension in production of skilled personnel who will manage the agricultural sectors.
Findings of this study will provide information for state government on how to allocate money to school for running school farms. Also the distribution of other agricultural input such as fertilizer, chemical improved seeds and so on to secondary schools would base on the results of these findings
The schools principals, agricultural science teachers and the students will also benefit from the research in management of school farms, management of resources and instruction and effective utilization for acquisition and job opportunity in agriculture.
The study provides answers to the following research question.
- What purpose does the schools farm serves in effective instruction of agricultural science?
- How does the agricultural science teachers effectively utilize the school farm in the teaching of various skills to students?
- How are the facilities and equipment used in teaching skills development?
- What are the problem associated with the utilization of school farm for teaching skills in agricultural science?
- How can utilization of school farm resources in skills development
Assumption of the Study
All secondary schools in Oye-Ekiti Local Government Area have school farms.
Limitation of the Study
The research was supposed to embrace the whole local government areas in Ekiti State, but because of time and poor financial resources, it is designed for one local government.
Definition of Terms
Agriculture: Raising management of crops and animals for the purpose of man’s use.
Utilizing: To use or to find a use for.
Effective: Able to bring about the result intended
Farm Management: Planning and controlling agricultural input and output to maximize profit
School Farm: Experimental plot (land) designed for teaching and learning practical agriculture.
Instruction: Process of teaching statement making known to person what he or she is required to do, it is an order.
Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of environmental interaction through learning, smelling, tasting, feeling a seeing.