TEACHER QUALIFICATION, GENDER AND WORKING EXPERIENCE AS DETERMINANTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ADO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

Spread the love

TEACHER QUALIFICATION, GENDER AND WORKING EXPERIENCE AS DETERMINANTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ADO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

 

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to teachers qualification, Gender  and working experience as determinant of secondary school students academic performance  in  Ado-Ekiti Local Government Area of  Ekiti State. Relevant literature were revealed.          Descriptive research design was used for this study. The population for the study consisted of  teachers of all the secondary schools in Ado –Local Government Area of Ekiti State. One hundred and eighty (180) teachers   were sampled using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Questionnaire was used to collect relevant information from the sampled subject. Validity of the instrument was established by given the drafted questionnaires some test export and project supervisor by their correction and suggestion. The reliability was adjudged established.  Test –re-test method was used to established the reliability, the questionnaire was administered on a set of twenty teachers outside the sample twice the set of scores collected were correlated with Pearson Moment correlation formular and 0.05 co-efficient was got, this is high enough to determine the reliability, the instrument was administered personally and all were collected back. The scores generated were analysed using frequency count and percentages.

The study revealed that significant difference existed between the performance of students taught by NCE teachers and B.Sc. Ed. teachers, significant difference existed in performance of students taught by B.Sc holder without teaching qualification and B.Sc. Ed. teachers with teaching qualification.

Finding also revealed significant difference between performance of students taught by professional teachers and non-professional teachers in Mathematics, this also corroborate, the need for nonprofessional teachers to embark on Post Graduate Diploma in Education (PGDE or PDE).

The study concluded that professional qualification of teachers is the major variables affecting students’ performance among secondary school in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria.  Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were given:

  1. Teachers with NCE should strive to improve their knowledge in by acquiring additional qualification through in-service training or part-time or sandwich degree programme in the Universities around their place of working.
  2. Graduate teachers without teaching qualification should endeavour to proceed on PGDE or PDE programme to enhance their teaching method in at all level of Schools.

 TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Questions

Significance of the Study

Delimitation of the Study

Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Concept of Student Performance

Teachers Qualification

Teachers’ Qualification and Students’ Academic Performance in

Secondary Schools

Teaching Experience and Students’ Academic Performance in

Secondary Schools

Teacher Experience

Effect of teachers genders on students academic performance

Empirical framework

Theoretical Framework

Summary of literature

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

Research Design

Population

Sample and Sampling Techniques

Research Instrument

Validity of the Instrument

Reliability of the Instrument

Administration of the Instrument

Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Results

Data Analysis of Questionnaires

Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendations

REFERENCES

APPENDIX

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The quality of education of a nation could be determined by the quality of her teachers. The most important factor in improving students’ performance  is by employing seasoned qualified teachers in all schools (Abe and Adu, 2013). Okuruwa (1999) found that, policy investment on quality of teachers is related to improvement in students’ performance. Specifically, the measurement of teacher’s preparation and certification are correlates of students’ performance. It is further reported that, teacher’s characteristics such as certification status and degree in area of specialization are very significant and positively correlated with students learning outcomes. This report was in line with the findings of Salman (2009).

Abe and Adu (2013) and Wiki (2013) opined that, a teaching qualification or teacher qualification is one of a number of academic and professional degree that enables a person to become a registered teacher in primary or secondary school. Such qualifications include, but are not limited to, the Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGDE). The Professional Diploma in Education (PDE), Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) and Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE). In Ekiti State, teachers who are academically qualified and those that are professionally qualified are engaged to carry out instructional process (Ahiazu and Prince Will, 2011).

Academically qualified teachers refer to those who have academic training as a result of enrolment into educational institution and obtained qualifications such as HND, B.Sc, B.A, and M.A. and so on; while professionally qualified teachers are those who got professional training that gave them professional knowledge, skills, techniques, aptitudes as different from the general education (Edu and Kalu, 2012). They hold degrees like, B.Ed., B.Sc. Ed, B.A. Ed, and M.Ed and so on. On the other hand, there are studies that have found no significant relationship between teacher educational qualification and students’ academic performance. For instance, Igwe (1990) investigated the influence of teacher’s qualification on academic performance of students in science subjects in Kano State. The researcher found no significant relationship between teacher’s qualification and students’ performance. While Adeniji (1999), Osokoya (1999) and Oladele (1999) found out that teacher’s qualification contributed minimally to the variance with students’ cognitive performance and Bilesanmi (1999) and Okonwa (1999) found that teacher’s experience was highly significant on students’ academic performance . Coonery (1990) opined that students do not understand some subject when it is being taught by an unqualified teacher. Izumi and Evess (2002) buttressed this by saying that teacher quality is the most important among other critical factors like quality curricula, funding, small class size and learning situation. George (2004) attributed poor performance of students  to teacher qualification, inadequacy of materials as well as administrative factors.

Adesina (1982) and Fafunwa (1985) opined that with an exception of holders of minimum of B.Sc , many other teachers would be confronted with problem of teaching secondary school syllabus effectively. Hence, Lussa (1985) argued that no one gives what he/she does not possess. He further said that no matter how good a course curriculum is, if we do not have well trained, qualified and motivated teachers, we may not achieve the desired goals. In view of this, a teacher is someone who has been exposed to a good measure of training in a teaching subject area as well as in professional education: such professionally qualified teachers may according to the Federal Ministry of Education (2004) fall into a number of academic categories.

Mkpa (1987) regarded the trained teacher as someone who underwent and completed his education in a formal teacher training institution or in a planned programme of training. Among such areas of training may include principles and practice of education as well as being exposed to an observed period of internship either after or as part of the period of training. People who fall within this category should under normal circumstances be able to fulfill the various functions expected of teachers within and outside the four walls of the classroom. Furrugia (1987) perceived a professional teacher as one who possesses professionally based knowledge in the theory and practice of education as well as find job satisfaction in the belief that he/she is making an important contribution to the social, cultural and economic development of his/her country. Such a teacher should equally, be able to understand students’ abilities to exploit educational benefits of the social context within which he/she lives. He/She should be able to assist Students to reach their full intellectual potentials.

According to Adieze (1986) non-qualified and non-professional teachers in teaching profession are killing the profession because they are not really teachers. He regarded them as “bird” of passage that create unnecessary vacuum whenever they see greener pasture and better prospect in the profession they are originally trained for. The comparison of students performance, test based on teachers’ qualifications becomes necessary in order to know if formal teaching methods has any significant effect/influence on students’ performance or not.

Poor academic performance has been observed in school among secondary school students (Adesemowo, 2005). Over the past decades, educational planners, policy makers and administrators all over the world have become increasingly concerned about the quality of education provided by the school system. They have come to realize that many meaningful improvements in the quality of education that students receive are highly dependent on the quality of teachers (Anderson, 1991). Studies carried out had indicated the need for teachers’ academic qualification in their various teaching subjects. In an investigation, Etim (1985) found that teachers gained enough skills from a preparatory programme to enable them teach their subjects at any level of secondary school. This points to the need for appropriate training in the subject matter area of teachers so that their classroom instruction could be above board. Otuka (1987) found out misconceptions in students which they traced to misconceptions held by their teachers. Research also shows that teacher knowledge of specific subject matter, particularly at the secondary level is a good predictor of  student achievement. Monk (1994) finds a strong correlation between teacher subject matter preparation and student success for both low and high scoring students, while Goldhaber & Brewer (2002) noted that students do better taught by a teacher with a bachelor’s or master’s degree . The professional needs of a teacher vary in relation to the stage he/she is in the profession. Teachers have different professional needs; hence the supports of an inexperienced teacher needs differ from that of a professional teacher. Supervision and coaching are critical elements of professional growth and development (Rockoff, 2004).

Teachers cannot be dissociated from the schools they teach and academic results of schools. It would therefore be logical to use the standardized students’ assessments results as the basis for judging the performance of teachers. Teachers celebrate and are rewarded when their schools and teaching subjects are highly ranked. While appreciating the value of rewarding teachers who produce better results, teachers should also not escape a portion of blame when students perform poorly.It has been proved that teachers have an important influence on students’ academic achievement. They play a crucial role in educational attainment because the teacher is ultimately responsible for translating policy into action and principles based on practice during interaction with the students (Afe, 2001). In their study, Wright, Horn and Sanders (1997) concluded that the most important factor influencing student learning is the teacher. Teachers stand at the interface of the transmission of knowledge, values and skills in the learning process. If the teacher is ineffective, students under the teacher’s tutelage will achieve inadequate progress academically. This is regardless of how similar or different the students are in terms of individual potential in academic achievement.

According to Rivkin, Hanusheck and Kain (2005), there has never been a consensus on the specific teacher factors that influence students’ academic achievement. Researchers have examined the influence of teacher characteristics such as gender, educational qualifications and teaching experience on students’ academic achievement with varied findings. Akiri and Ugborugbo (2008) found that there was a significant relationship between teachers’ gender and students’ academic achievement. This is contrary to Dee cited in Akiri and Ugborugbo (2008). Yala and Wanjohi (2011) and Adeyemi (2010) found that teachers’ experience and educational qualifications were the prime predictors of students’ academic achievement. However, Ravkin et al (2005) found that teachers’ teaching experience and educational qualifications were not significantly related to students’ achievement. Etsy (2005) study in Ghana found that the teacher factors that significantly contributed to low academic achievement were incidences of lateness to school, absenteeism, and inability to complete the syllabi. Scholars have posited that various factors related to the teachers’ characteristics such as their qualification, age, experience, and gender affect the academic performance of students in Science Technical Education and Mathematics (STEM) courses which Industrial Safety is a part of it.

 

Statement of the Problem

Teaching and learning depends to a large extent on teacher’s own knowledge of the content and ability to adequately deliver the instruction to the students. However a lot of variables may inhibit or hinder effective dissemination of knowledge to the understanding of the content by the students, such variables may be lack of qualified teachers, teachers’ qualification, experience, inadequate use of instructional materials among others. While the present study sought to determine the effect of teachers’ qualification on secondary school students’ performance.

Purpose of the Study

The major objective of this study is to investigate the impact of teacher qualification  ,teachers gender and working experience as a corolate to  students performance   among selected secondary schools in Ado local government area.

Also the specific objective is to

  1. To determine teacher qualification on student academic performance
  2. To determine the perception of teacher on students for poor performance and teacher’s qualification?
  3. To determine the attitude of teacher towards teaching and learning
  4.  To determine effect of teachers gender on students academic performance

Research Questions

This research will attempt to answer the following questions.

  1. What are the impact of teaching experience on students academic performance ?
  2. Does instructional materials have impact on students academic performance ?
  3. What effect does teachers attitude have on students academic performance?
  4. Does teachers genders affect students academic performance  ?

 

Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant relationship between teachers’ qualification and student academic performance  .
  2. There is no significant relationship between teachers’ experience and students’ academic performance
  3. There is no significant relationship between teachers’  gender and students academic performance

Significances of the Study

This study is considered significant in the sense that it will generate sufficient data useful to teachers and government  that are concerned with the welfare of students. Also, it is hopeful that the study will provide data on impact of teachers qualification on the academic performances of the students

Also, it will help the curriculum planners to known if teacher qualification is the major factors of student poor academic performance in the sample school.

The outcome of this research will create data that will help in future research. The result of the study would assist the federal government  and the ministry of Education on how to improve the conditions of the standard of living among undergraduate students in order to employ efforts to reduce stress in tertiary schools in Nigeria. This research work will enhance the student academic performance and serves as a guide to students who may want carryout research on a similar topic.  The research will help parent to know the impact a qualified teacher has on their children.

 

Definition of Terms

Teacher : A person who cares enough about abusive and ungrateful teens to work for crappy pay and long hours while hoping someday students mature enough to realize how lucky they are to have someone who gives a shit about them.

Student: a person formally engaged in learning, especially one enrolled in a school or college; or any person who studies, investigates, or examines thoughtfully:

Academic performance: Academic achievement or (academic) performance is the outcome of education — the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals.

Teacher Qualification: Teaching qualification or teacher qualification is one of a number of academic and professional degree that enables a person to become a registered teacher in primary or secondary school.

 

 

 

ONLINE PAYMENT

online payment nigeria

HOW TO ORDER FOR COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

STEP 1

Complete Project Price: ₦3,000 (We accept mobile tranfer)

» Bank Branch Deposits, ATM/online transfers (Amount: ₦3,000 NGN)

Bank: FIRST BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 3116913871 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 OR Click Here

Bank: ACCESS BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 0766765735 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here

Bank: HERITAGE BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 1909068248 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here
 

STEP 2.

Send Your Details and Project topic To us by filling this form.
 

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*