KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF FEMALE YOUTHS TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
THIS PROJECT HAS BEEN APPROVED FOR THE
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION, FACULTY OF EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKK
Supervisor Internal Examiner
External Examiner Head of Department
Dean of Faculty
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF APPENDICES
CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Assumption of the study
CHAPTER II – REVIEW OF LITERATURE
- Conceptual framework
- Theoretical framework
- Review of related empirical studies.
History of family planning
Knowledge of family planning
Modern methods of family planning
Traditional methods of family planning
Religious groups on family planning
Socialization on family planning
Economic status on family planning
The right of female youths to family planning
The benefits of family planning
- Summary of literature reviewed.
CHAPTER III – METHODOLOGY
Area of the study
Population of the study
Sample and sampling techniques
Instrument for data collection
Validation of the instrument
Reliability of the instrument
Administration of the instrument
Data analysis techniques
CHAPTER IV – PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
CHAPTER V – DISCUSSION OF RESULTS, SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS,
Discussion of results
Summary of the study
Implications of the findings
Limitations of the study
Suggestions for further studies
LIST OF FIGURES
Fig 2.1: Conceptual framework on family planning
Fig 2.2: Theoretical framework
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Descriptive analysis on knowledge of family planning.
Table 2: Descriptive analysis on modern methods of family planning
Table 3: Descriptive analysis on traditional methods of family planning.
Table 4: Descriptive analysis on influence of religion on family planning.
Table 5: Descriptive analysis on influence of socialization on family planning
Table 6: Descriptive analysis on influence of economic status on family
Table 7: Chi –Square analysis on knowledge of family planning
Table 8: Chi –Square analysis on modern methods of family planning.
Table 9: Chi-Square analysis on traditional methods of family planning.
Table 10: Chi-Square analysis on influence of religion on family planning.
Table 11: Chi-Square analysis on influence of socialization on family
Table 12: Chi-Square analysis on influence of economic status on family
LIST OF APPENDICES
Appendix A: Questionnaire on knowledge and attitude of female youths toward
family planning in College of Education, Ikere, Ekiti State.
Appendix B: Letter collected from school authority for population of the study
used for the research
Appendix C: Calculated reliability statistics using Pearson’s Product
Moment Correlation (PPMC).
The study investigated the knowledge and attitude of female youths toward family planning in college of education Ikere Ekiti State. In Nigeria, most of the youths do not do family planning, as a result of this female youths get unwanted pregnancy and involving in abortion .This has resulted in the dumping of children and sudden death of many youths through abortion. The purpose of the study was to find out if female youths of college of education Ikere Ekiti have knowledge of family planning, the attitude of female youths of college of education Ikere toward the use of modern methods of family planning, the attitude of female youths of college of education Ikere toward the use of traditional methods of family planning, if religion group have influence on the attitude of female youths of college of education Ikere toward family planning, if socialization will have influence on the attitude of female youths in college of education Ikere toward family planning and if economic status will have influence on the attitude of female youths in college of education Ikere toward family planning.
The research design for the study was survey design of the descriptive research. The sample size of three hundred (300) respondents was used for the study. The respondents were female students of college of education Ikere Ekiti state. All the five schools were purposively selected for the study; sixty (60) students were selected from each school using simple random sampling technique. The instrument used for the study was a 36 –items structured questionnaire. A test re-test method was employed to ascertain the instrument using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. A coefficient 0.95 was obtained at 0.05 level of significant. Descriptive statistic involving frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research questions .The generated hypotheses were tested using Chi-Square (x2).All the hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance.
The findings of the study revealed that female youths of College of Education Ikere will not significantly have knowledge of family planning, female youths of College of Education Ikere will not have significant attitude toward the use of modern methods of family planning, female youths of College of Education Ikere will not have significant attitude toward the use of traditional methods of family planning, religious groups will not significantly have influence on the attitude of female youths of College of Education Ikere Ekiti towards family planning, socialization will not significantly have influence on the attitude of female youths of College of Education Ikere towards family planning, economic status will not significantly have influence on the attitude of female youths of College of Education Ikere towards family planning.
The study concluded that the respondents have knowledge about family planning. Respondent do not have significant attitude toward modern method of family planning .There was significant attitude among the respondents toward traditional methods of family planning. Religion group do not influence the respondents toward family planning. Socialization has influence on female youths toward family planning. Economic status has influence on the attitude of female respondents toward family planning. The researcher recommended that health educators should recommend family planning program in order to achieve the desired behavioural change toward family planning. Government should employ the health worker to reduce the cost of family planning so that youths can have access to family planning at cheaper price.
Background of the study
Family planning is a pillar of safe motherhood and is now seen as a human right. Family planning is the planning of when to have children and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement such plans. Family planning is sometimes used as a synonym for the use of birth control; however it often includes a wide variety of methods and practices that is not birth control. It most usually applied to a female –male couple they have or control the timing of pregnancy (spacing children.
World Health Organization (WHO) (1975) defined family planning as a programme to regulate the number and spacing of children in a family through the practise of contraception or other methods of birth control. According to Odejide (2009) family planning as a concept includes contraception which deals primarily with then prevention of unwanted pregnancy and family health education which touches on responsible sexual behaviour and proper motherhood and fatherhood upbringing. In a nut shell, family planning simply means the ability to plan the family in such a way that the family can have the number of children she desires and still enjoy marital life. The Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria, (PPFN) (1999) defined family planning as the spacing of birth for the health and welfare of mothers and children.
Contraception methods have had a considerable positive impact on material and in fact health and population growth. It is however unfortunate that unwanted pregnancies and unsafe termination of pregnancy still occur in large number among the female youths in college of education Ikere, Ekiti state. Through young people today marry late, but many of them start sexual relationship before marriage in particular most of the female youth start at their tender ages (Manzini, 2001). The involvement of young people in unprotected sexual behaviour has increased their vulnerability to HIV infection. The female youths of college of education Ikere, Ekiti state really needs access to information about sexual and reproductive health and contraceptive choice. They must be able to make their choice to prevent unwanted pregnancies, HIV infection and Sexually Transmitted Infection (STIs), based on informed knowledge of the health concerns and side effects of such contraceptive.
Most of the factors influencing youths especially the females in some of the tertiary institutions in their sexual behaviour and attitudes toward contraceptive use is religion. Some studies have emphasised the functionality of religion in influencing young people’s sexual behaviour (Odimegwu, 2005; Ringheim & Woldehanna, 2009) with less consideration on the likely effects of doctorial teachings on unmarried young people’s sexual behaviour that might publicly comply with abstinence by not using contraceptives but engage in risky sexual behaviour. In terms of attitudes a high proportion (39%) considers that female have a more responsible attitude to contraceptive than male perhaps a predictable response. this reflects growing concerns about teenage pregnancies and the number of teenage having unprotected sex through ignorance or fear of going to family doctor to obtain contraceptive.
Traditionally it was not acceptable to get pregnant in tertiary institution and also before marriage, but cultural norms have shifted and having a teenage pregnancy is now not seen as immoral (Ehlers & Ziyani 2006). They also proceeded that the attitude of health care providers contribute to the non-use of contraceptives by female youths in tertiary institutions, since they are denied access by being ridiculed and despite having knowledge about contraceptives they end up becoming pregnant.
Bisik & Yako (2007) opined that in Africa most especially in the tertiary institutions female youths die due to pregnancy related conditions and unsafe abortion account for a great deal of youth morbidity. They also reported that a large proportion of youths were exposed to the risk of pregnancy in tertiary institutions, college of education Ikere is a sub-set of tertiary institution in Nigeria. It was observed by the researcher that teenage pregnancy is common among college of education, Ikere students. These could be said to be due to lack of contraceptive knowledge.
It is necessary for human beings especially female youths in college of education Ikere, Ekiti state to lay emphasis on caring for children i.e. the ability to look after them properly rather than giving birth unexpectedly. Hence, thinking about how they will cope with their studies in school, along with caring for the child. Family planning does not state the number of children a family could have but it emphasises on spacing of births and regulating reproduction for the health of the mother.
This research work is based on knowledge and attitude of female youths towards family planning in College of Education Ikere, Ekiti state.
Statement of the problem
One of the primary objectives of family planning among female youths in tertiary institutions is to enhance good health. The researcher observed that in College of Education Ikere, there are many female students who are involved in termination of unwanted and unplanned pregnancies are related issues, which affect their health and academic status. The researcher is of the opinion that these could be linked with th
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