When something is made or produced to copy something natural, we call it artificial. Artificial can also be defined as a creation of human; not happening naturally. According to Hall (1969) language is the institution whereby human cooperate and interact with each other by means of habitually used oral, auditory arbitrary symbols.
Having looked into the definition or meaning of “Language” and “Artificial”, we can see that an “artificial language is a language invented for international communication. Unlike a natural language an artificial language is deliberately created for a specific purpose. The invention of artificial language is based on a set of prescribed rules and developed for specific purpose such as international communication or computer programming. Therefore, an artificial language is any language whose lexicon and grammar were developed from an individual source for the sake of itself. Individual source refers to either one creator or a select body of creation. A great deal of time might transpire over the course of its development but when it is released to others the language must be communicate functional.
BYSPELS OR EXAMPLES OF ARTIFICIAL LANGUAGES
Klingon is the language of a fictional race in the Start Trek television series. According to the Klingon language institute, about one thousand people from over thirty nations have verifiable learnt Klingon since the publication of the dictionary in 1985. Elvish is actually two labugaes, Quenya and Sindarin, which serve as the language of the Elves in J.R.R Tolkiens Lord of the Rings . the Solresol language in the 19th century was invented Jean Francois Sudre, based on the principles that the tones of music –do, re, mi.
- Lunarian – By Francis Godwin (1634) History of the man in the mon. patterned after Chinese.
- Antido – Related to ido
- Arulo – An aritifical language invented for international use as an auxiliary language.
- Blaia Zimondal –An artificial language
- Esperantido – An artificial language based on Esperanto and Ido.
- Europan – An artificial language proposed, as an auxiliary European language
- Idiom Neutral – A language proposed for use of an auxiliary international language based on Volapuk but with a vocabulary selected on the basis of the maximum internationality of the roots. Other artificial languages are; Latinesce, latino, lingualumina, monario, Novial, Ro, Romanal, Volapuk, Inter Lingual.
Five criteria of an international artificial language.
Purpose, originality, size, acceptability, simplicity:
Purpose: The purpose of the language is very important to its creation. An artificial language must serve as a purpose. E.g computer use, science fiction, international language, community usage, film usage.
Originality: An artificial language is taken from authentic languages, symbols, signs and codes. It is based on other languages but it is unique and original in its sense. It is a mutual boundary of existing language that anyone can use.
Size: The size of a language also determines if it will be regarded as an international artificial language or not. This does not only mean how many words existing in the artificial language but also how much words can yield more words in the language.
Acceptability: Before a language can be called an international artificial language, regardless of its artificiality, it has to be generally accepted across the world, beyond the community where it is used beyond it use in a book, fillm computer world or science fiction.
Simplicity: An international artificial language is known for it simplicity, thus making it understandable by its users. It is free of complexity and clumsiness.
An artificial language can therefore be regardless as a language not just its life but that serves as a general purpose of communication, internationally.
Elgin, Suzete Hagin, Linguistics and Science Fiction interface, 1999 by Haden Elgin.
Okrrand, Marc, The Klingon Dictionary 1993, Paramount Pictures, Simon & Schuster, New York.
- Kmajian, A. Demers, R.A. Farmer, A .K. & Hamish RM (1990) Linguistic: An introduction to language and communication. MIT Press.
Co, Umberto (1995). The search for the perfect language. Oxford. Blackwell. ISBN 0-631 – 17465-6
Omrie, Bernard (1990) The World major languages. (Oxford Shire) Oxford Nigeria University Press. IBSN 0-19506511-5.
Ibert, Alan (2000). A priori artificial languages, Esperanto Rock Stars (Languages of the world) Lincom Europa. ISBN 3-89586-667-9
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