AN ASSESSMENT OF THE INFLUENCE OF PARENTS ON CAREER CHOICE OF THEIR CHILDREN
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
1.1 Background to the study
1.2 Statement of the problems
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Relevance of the study
1.5 Hypothesis /Research Questions
1.6 The Study Area
2.0 Review of Related literature
2.1 Parents influence
2.2 Environmental influence
2.3 Age preference
2.5 Influence of the school
2.7 Sexual Differences
2.8 Intellectual ability
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Population and sample
3.4 Validity of Instrument
3.5 Reliability of Instrument
3.6 Research Instrument Administration
3.7 Method of Data Analysis
4.1 Analysis of Data and Results
4.2 Discussion of the findings
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The purpose of this study is to measure the extent to which parents influence the career choice of their children right from secondary school level. The research was designed to find at the extent of the influence of parents on the career choice of their children using Ikere Local Government Area as a case study. Research instruments for data collection were questionnaire and personal interview. The instruments were personally administered by the researcher on the sample randomly picked from the study population. It has been observed from the research that may parents do not know certain pre-requisite consideration needed of a child before embarking on career choice or occupational preference of their children and many parents have less care for their children’s career development and so are careless about the type of occupation their children choose even if such a child approaches them. That is the main reason why the life careers of young ones have been ruined permanently. However, the research revealed that boys from Low socio-economic status homes are influenced by their parents in career choice while their female counterparts are not influenced.
Background to the study
Every society whether simple or complex, developing or developed has its own system of educating and training its youths. Differences could only be seen in goals, tempo and method of approach. In order to understand the Nigerian child in relation to his career needs, it is necessary to consider how the child’s position has been conceived.
The aim of education in the pre-literate and pre-industrial Nigeria was job oriented Education was aimed at producing youths who would not only be useful to himself, his extended family, but also to the society as a whole.
A the family level, parents get children to learn and acquire whatever skill or trade that was running in the family through direct supervision and combine guidance from nuclear family as well as the extended family. Where individual had to make a choice, sufficient guidance would have been sought from either the priest or wise men or women in the locality. It must however, be noted that guidance or advice given was based on any psychological analysis. Where a skill was not available in a family, children where apprenticed to other families where such skill was practiced.
In African societies, career choice of children is influenced by parents. The apprenticeship system showed that children future job /career was already tailored for him. Some occupations were seasonal and because of this, it was possible to combine two or three occupations that would not be easily affected by weather or changing season. Some even carried a dual profession that is fully practiced one during the day and the other at night. For example, one could be a farmer as well as a hunter.
The situation described above has not changed so much despite the introduction of western education. the reason for this might be because African parents are very particular and too anxious about the future of their children. The major point that parents of today have not realized is that children of today are not thesame as in those days because they are not being influenced by both social and technological change and development.
The effect of this is that the career advices being given by parents are often in adequate and in some cases children are being misled either as a result of ignorance or selfish motives of some parents. This type of situation has often resulted into career dissatisfaction and maladjusted of children in later years. In view of the fact that the whole process of human growth and development; and in view of the huge amount of money the Federal Government of Nigerian has spent and still spending on Education and the economic implication of career maladjustment it is necessary to have a close study with the sole aim of having solution or at least minimizing career imposition by parents.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It could be observed that many parents notwithstanding their academic status or not know certain pre-requisite considerations needed of a child before embarking on career choice, many parents have less care for their children’s career development and 50 careless on the type of occupation their children choose even it such a child approaches them. This is one of the reasons why many youths have been ruined in their career.
At the beginning of early adulthood, many young people know exactly what they heart to do when they leave school and they are motivated and enthusiastic, several others finding themselves drifting into unsuitable or “dead end” jobs where they may be frustrated and unhappy. Sometimes they enter the job world with completely pseudo aspiration and expectations so that they rapidly become disillusioned and depressed. Usually, vocational maladjustment may occur if the individual chooses an inappropriate occupation because of his occupation because of his inadequacy to understand himself, or because his occupational stereotypes are in error. Moreover, some rich parents want their children to go into high rated professions such as medicine and law without considering if the child’s interest is their. This sometimes leads the child to a confused end. Even when such child excel in that course through some dubious means by his parents, the child ends up acquiring a certificate without knowledge and consequently the child may become dejected in life.
Observation tends to suggest that there are much parental influence on career choice of secondary school students in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The problem of the present study is to investigate the effect of the parents on the students in terms of their career choice.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The aim of this study is to examine the influence of parental socio-economic on the career choice of their children. The objectives are to;
- investigate whether the career choice of students are influenced by educational background of their parents
- investigate whether student’s choice of career are influenced by the socio-economic status of their parents
- determine the extent to which the student’s choice of career are influenced by the occupational preferences of their parents
- investigate whether the career choice of students are influenced by the cultural background of their parents.
RELEVANCE OF THE STUDY
Education today has become the most potent force of progress in spheres of human endeavours-social, political and economic. A system of Education is bound to satisfy the needs of the society where it is sited or else it will cause irreparable harm to the society. This study would assist to offer suggestions on ways parents can guide or advice their children on career choice. It would also be useful for guidance councellors in school to assist students to the parents on how to pilot their children career choice. The study would also contribute to the various studies carried out by scholars and authors in the field of career choice.
This study will be of significance to the large society which education is meant to serve. The following are the beneficiaries of this study.
Students: students will benefits from the study in the following ways, if for the finding of the study it is established that parents pressure their wards into certain carriers for the which the wards have no requisite success indices (attitude, interest, ability etc) thereby programming them to fail. The result of this study may lead to the appropriate for (PTA, etc) to correct this anonymously thereby allowing students to choose carrier of their choice that may lead to their success in such carriers and become useful individuals to themselves and the society.
This research work has generated the following research questions
- Has socio-economic life of the parents any influence on their children’s choice of career?
- Will parent’s occupation influence their children choice of career?
- Do children rely on luck or destiny in their decision to choose in career?
- To what extent does parent’s educational to guide the research?
- How does parents’ socio-economic status influence the choice of subject or indeed courses of study of the students?
- To what extent does parent’s cultural background influence students choice of career?
Below are the hypotheses put forward to be tested in this work
- There is no significant different in the influence of parental interest and choice of career
- There is no significant different between the study orientation about luck and destiny on their choice of career
- There is no socio-economic status on parent and their children choice of career
THE STUDY AREA
The project work covered Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The Local Government consists of Ikere urban and six  village as follows:
Ayeye, Ayede, Aba-Aso, Aba-Oyo, Aba-Aloba, Aba-Okondo And Igbo-Ijan
The Local Government is located on latitude 90 55 and 90 69 East of the equator and longitudes 70 19c and 70 22c East of Greenwich meridian. It is bounded in the North by Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State and bounded in the South by Ado Local Government which is the state capital while in the East it is bounded by Ise-Orun Local Government and bounded in the West by Ekiti South West Local Government Areas.
Ikere Local Government covers n area of about 465 square kilometers. Its east to west extent stretches for about 26 kilometers and the south to the North stretch is about 30 kilometers,
The Local relief is about 400 meters above the sea level in the south. The landscape is dotted with rounded inserberge and step sided hills of volcanic origin such as order Hill near Amoye Grammar School, Olosunta Hill beside Eleyo High school Ugele Hill near African church comprehensive high school.
Ikere-Ekiti, also known as Ikere, is a city in Ekiti State of Nigeria, in Ikere local Government. It is an agrarian town. According to the 1991 census, the population was 59,257 but more current estimates put it at more than 100,000
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