ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN AKOKO EDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE, NIGERIA
This study investigate the attitude of secondary school teachers towards the teaching of physical education in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State. The sampled population of the study was five hundred (500) secondary school teachers selected with the simple random sample technique. The questionnaire was used to elicit responses on the attitude of physical education. Five hundred (500) questionnaire were returned and the data from them were findings indicated that emphases on the teaching of the theoretical aspect of physical education inadequate equipment and facilities knowledge and qualification of physical education teachers and huge amount required in administering physical education programme all have significant effect on attitude of secondary school teachers towards the teaching of physical education. The researcher later recommended that there should be increase in the time allotted to physical education provision of adequate equipment and facilities, provision of funds as well as employment of young qualified physical education teachers.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
Background of the Study
Purpose of the Study
Statement of the Problems
Significance of the Study
Delimitation of the Study
Limitation of the Study
Definition of Terms
PROCEDURE AND METHODOLOGY
Population of the Study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Validity of the Instrument
Method of Data Analysis
ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Finding from the Study
Suggestion for Further Studies
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Today, physical education has become such a big tree with many branches. According to Ladani (2008) it is now a discipline with sub-discipline such as physiology of exercise, history of physical education, comparative physical education, sociology of sport, psychology of sport, administration of sport, bio-mechanics sport medicine, adapted physical education among others.
In the same vein, Nixon and Jewott (1980) defined education as that of the total process of education that is concerned with the development and utilization of the individuals voluntary and purposeful movement capabilities, which directly relate to mental, emotional and social responses stable behaviour modification in the individual result fan the movement centered on responses, and thus the individual learn through physical education activities.
This means that school programme of physical education consists fundamentally of specialized learning environment characterized by many planned conditions had stimuli, specifically intended to induce or provide opportunities for physical, social, emotional, intellectual and other beneficial responses through which the student may become changed, modified of educated in desirable ways.
The quality of physical education learning outcome in the students in any school will depend upon the responses and attitude induced in the participant (Bucther, 2007).
According to American Association for health, physical education and recreation (2005), physical education in its broadest interpretation is currently defined as the art and science of voluntary purposeful human movement, which its central concern is the individual engaging in selected motor performance and the significance of those experience. Thus physical education therefore refers to an aspect of total education programme or formal education instruction which concern itself with development of young people in varies skills. Hence the worth while use of one’s leisure time be engaging in activities for healthful will contribute to the development of physical and mental health of an individual (Balainde, 2002).
Attitude is a learned and stable trait of an individual to respond to an object or person in a certain manner with a strong evaluative content. In the words of Kent (2001) it is a relatively stable characteristics that predisposes a person to certain behaviours. Again, attitude, unlike personality traits, has several disposition but rather it is directed towards specific object people, event or ideas. It has both cognitive and effective components and as learned traits, it is also enduring and takes time to be destroyed.
Teachers are the most important segment of the school manpower and fulcrum upon which the school programme revolves. Through the long years of their preparation and experiences in the practice, within the school system, they would have encountered many things including government policies, funding biases, administration neglect and several other factors that could predispose them to some subject matter in a particular manner which could be positive or negative. Physical education is a multifaceted discipline in the school system (Nixon 2005) requires more than the efforts of the teachers teaching the subject alone. The variety of views and misconceptions about objectives of this discipline by the teachers make it imperative to study the attitudes of the teachers teaching others subjects towards the teaching of physical education in schools. Barrow (1983) Niager (2002), Jewett (1980), Nixon (1977) and Popham (1978). Ajayi-Vincent (2002) reiterated that on co-operative attitude of non- physical education teachers as one of the factors militating against the effective teaching and practice of the subject
It is therefore the focus of this study to investigate the attitudes of secondary school teachers towards the teaching of physical education in Akoko Edo West Local Government Area of Edo State. This is because from the researchers observation, many school teachers do not see the reasons why physical and health education should be included in the school curriculum.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to investigate the attitude of secondary school teachers towards the teaching of physical education in Akoko Edo Local Government, the problems facing physical education in the state and valuable places of physical education among other school subjects, be made known specifically, the study want to:
- investigate the attitude of secondary school teachers towards the teaching of physical education.
- investigate the interest of the teachers and students towards the teaching of physical education.
- investigate the variable equipment and facilities
- find out the number of qualified personnel for the teaching physical education.
- find out how physical education programme is founded
- investigate the maintenance and usefulness of the equipment.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
This project investigate the attitude of secondary school teachers towards the teaching of physical education in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State.
Although series of researches might have been carry out as regards to the attitudes of secondary school teachrs towards the teaching of physical education in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State. The following problems are identified.
- Lack of interest
- Lack of adequate funds
- Inadequate facilities and equipment
- Lack of teaching materials such as textbooks, e.t.c.
- Lack of thorough supervision on the part of the government
- Lack of qualified personnel
- Student previous poor performance may influence the attitudes of the teachers.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The writer choose this topic purposely because of the attitude of teachers towards the teaching of physical education in secondary schools in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State.
This research work aimed at investigating teaching of physical education in secondary school in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State.
The findings of this research will expose and explain the nature and scope of physical education in secondary schools in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State.
The finding of this research will helps to assess the strength and weaknesses of secondary school teachers towards the subject.
It will also assess the strength and weaknesses of secondary school teachers in physical education regarding the knowledge already required.
The research will try to look at the problems facing the teaching of physical education in secondary schools and find solution to it.
The study will create awareness of the importance of the physical education programme for those who have erroneous idea about it.
The study is designed to provide answer to the following questions.
- What are the sources of revenue for promoting sport in your schools?
- How buoyant is your school programmes with sporting materials?
- Does teachers encourage school pupils to participate in both Intramural and Extramural sports?
- What types of incentive do you have to encourage sports in your schools?
- Does the teaching of physical education go beyond the junior secondary schools?
DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is delimited to Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State. The study is delimited to teachers in secondary schools in Akoko Edo Local Government Area of Edo State.
The study is also delimited to attitudes of teachers towards teaching of physical education.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Among the limitation encountered during course of this project was lack of adequate funds, I really had financial problems throughout the process of the project.
Also there was problem of data collection, four copies of the questionnaire were not returned after series of call on respondents.
Other limitation include logistic problem, lack of enough time, there was limited time for the programme.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
- ATTITUDE: Attitude are the tendency to resist towards or against an object a value, a situation or a system when a person’s attitudes is in favour it can be said that things when it’s against, it can be said she has a negative attitude to the thing.
- Extramural Programmes: Students from more than one school or college participate in programme.
- Intramural Programme: This type of programme activities save conducted for students if only one school or college start within the school and end there.
- Investigate: To carefully examine the facts of a situation, an event, a crime e.t.c. to find out the truth about it or how it happened. Also to carry out a systematic inquiry into research.
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