CAUSES OF STUDENTS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SELECTED SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
1.1 Background of the Study
The right to choose a subject of study at the senior secondary school level is often influenced by the students personal factors, societal perception and values, the school system and the socio economic indices. If not that the society makes the study of certain subjects as basic for all students, sizable number of students would find mathematics or English language or both missing from their lists of subjects as irrelevant to be studied. The simple reason is most students believed mathematics is dreadful and learning of foreign language, like English, is cumbersome regardless of the fact that such language is official language of the society. But the inclusion of these two subjects as part of the basic subjects, are being offered compulsorily. The influence of the society peters out here clearly. Hence the society produces national policy on education to spell out eh society values and perception of what education in the society should be. However there are some subjects that are left to be offered as optional or career subjects. These subjects are to be chosen by the students (either under school counseling or parental or peer groups influence). Many students do consider their aptitude and attitude fort he studies of certain subjects where as other may be acting purely under duress from parents or peer group.
From the foregoing, there exist set of subject choice determination in schools whether the school is in the urban or rural areas. To those in the urban areas, the influence of urbanization could not be ruled out and neither can one underestimate the wearing power of the rural areas too. Parents from the rural areas that have not been privilege to know the benefits of becoming an Accountant may not be impressed to advise their words to choose financial Accountign as a subject of study or a student who does not know the challenges and prospects of the jobs of an accountant may avoid to include the same among the lists of the subject to be studied.
Accounting is one of the subjects needed by every individual irrespective of the person’s profession. For any business to thrive, the knowledge of accounting is necessary
Accounting is concerned with the acquisition of knowledge for recording, analyzing, interpreting and summarizing the financial data of an organization or enterprise (Ndinechi and Obidile 2013)
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The primary objective of financial accounting in the secondary school curriculum is to prepare the students for senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE) which will enable the holders peruse further education or to go into lower clerical work in the office. It is as a result of this that the government, teachers and parents have been given support to ensure that students performances in both internal and external examination has improved.
From the above, this project will propose ways of measuring the causes of students poor academic performance and use students performance in financial Accounting in National Examination Council (NECO) or West Africa Examination Council (WAEC) as performance measurement of the students. With this, it becomes possible to establish whether the causes of students poor academic performance has significant effect on the senior secondary school leavers academic performance in financial Accounting in Ekiti State of Nigeria.
Some of these problem are stated below;
- Regularity oft eh students to the class
- Parents do not pay school and registration
iii. Lack of motivation
- Inadequate study time
- Lack of qualified teachers
- Lack of teaching aids and instructional materials
vii. Evaluation method adopted in the college.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The aim and objective of the study to determine the causes of students poor academic performance in financial Accounting in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria.
Therefore, the study intends to :
- Assess the effectiveness of teacher’s attitude on students academic performance in financial accounting.
- Evaluate the method used by financial accounting teacher as its affect the learning of financial accounting in secondary schools.
iii. Determine peer group and parental influences and their effect on the learning of financial accounting.
- Measure the impact of available infrastructural facilities as they affect the learning of financial accounting in the secondary schools.
1.4 Research Questions
Based on the specific objective the researcher deducted the following research questions:
- To what extent does the teachers attitude affect students performance in financial accounting?
- What are the methods used in teaching financial accounting?
iii. What are the effects of peer group influence academic performance of financial accounting students?
- To what extent does the available infrastructural facilities affects the learning of financial accounting in secondary schools?
1.5 Significance of the Study
Since the research contributes to development of knowledge, such as interested students or researchers who may want to carry out similar will find this work very worthwhile.
Similarly, this study will also be helpful to policy makers in formulation of educational policy in near future. In the same vein federal and ministry of education and other institutions within the study by identifying the causes of students poor academic performance in financial account in senior secondary schools.
Thus using such information to current in balance by proper funding of educational sector. It is hoped that study will serve as an open door policy to government for finding solution to the poor academic performance in financial accounting.
Conclusively, this study wishes to create awareness among parents, state and federal government in the need to sensitive, providing conducive atmosphere for proper learning and fabulous performance where necessary.
1.6 Delimitation of the Study
The following are the delimitation of the study:
- The study is only restricted to only Accounting student in secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. This made the scope of generalization fairly narrow.
- Time Factor: Time constraint posed some challenges in the course of this study because the semester may be too short.
1.7 Definitions of terms
Financial Accounting: is the field of accountancy concerned with the preparation of financial statements for decision makers, such as stakeholder, suppliers banks, employees, government agencies, owners and other stakeholders. It is also reporting of the financial position ad performance of a firm through financial statements issued to externals users on a periodic basis.
The committee of American Accounting Association (1996) in Richard (200) defined Financial Accounting as “the process of identifying, measuring and communicating economic information to permit informed judgments and decision by users of information.
Akintelure (2003) defined accounting as “the recording classifying and summarizing of financial transaction or events in terms of money and reporting the result to management and other users of accounting information.
Udoh (2004) defined financial accounting as a discipline concerned with recording, analyzing and forecasting of income and wealth of business and other entities.
Igben (2007) defined financial accounting as “the process of collecting, recording, presenting and analyzing interpreting financial information for the users of financial statements”.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This section reviews the related literature on the causes of student poor academic performance in financial accounting in senior secondary schools.
The literature review is grouped and discussed under the following sub-headings.
Historical background of accounting
Concept of financial accounting
Problems affecting accounting
Summary of literature review
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