Background of the study

Vocational education is designed to develop skills, abilities, understanding, attitudes, work habits and appreciation that confer knowledge needed to enter and make progress in employment on a useful and productive basis (Udo, 2004). Pre-vocational subjects offered at the post-primary level include: Basic Technology now Basic Technology, Practical Agriculture, Home Economics and Business Studies (Federal Government of Nigeria FRN, 2004).Basic technology is a pre-vocational subject offered at junior section of post primary education. According to Uwameiye and Ojikutu (2008), basic technology exposes students at the junior secondary school (JSS) level to technology through exploratory activities.

According to Ohikhema (1994), Basic Technology provides knowledge in woodwork, metalwork, technical drawing, auto-mechanics and electricity and electronics at the basic level and hence exposes students to Technical Education. Obomanu (2001) had observed that Basic Technology is an aspect of general education curriculum which attempts to provide learning experiences that would assist students in understanding the industrial and technological aspects of live by offering instructions in selected areas of metalwork, woodwork, electricity, plastics, ceramics, textiles and technical drawing.

Since the study of Basic Technology is the foundation for present technological development in Nigeria and technology is the application of science to make the world comfortable, introduction technology as a subject, aimed at assisting the learner in developing certain interest skills, attitudes and knowledge regarding the field of technology. Technology assists human civilisation in their effective use of natural resources for their well-being through the application of appropriate techniques.

Basic technology provides individuals with the necessary attributes that will help them to be self centred to solve problems in their immediate environment. These helps include:

  • Minor Electrical problem
  • Creating of craft making
  • Simple automobile problem
  • Help to develop skill acquisition/trade
  • Using a simple machine /hand tools
  • Helps us to develop a design making

According to the National policy on education (1977), the reviewed objectives of basic technology in secondary schools are:

  • To prepare students for useful living in a science and technologically oriented society.
  • To equip students with the skills necessary for coping with demands of higher education.

In the pursuit of these two objectives, the policy describes basic technology as a core subject not only at the junior secondary schools level but also at the early stages of development. Secondary education was designed almost entirely for college/university bound students. In recent years, under the impetus of the New National Government Policy on Education (6-3-3-4). Vocational education has gradually become recognised as an essential facet of the total educational programme for the youth of our nation.

The general attitude today is that our educational system must somehow provide more extensive learning opportunities and these under educational spectrum must be geared to better serve the needs of the youth and the society.

In Technical Education, there are few numbers of people that enrol for different specialization.  Ekiti State in particular, there are few people with technical knowledge. Ekiti State is regarded as land of honour with many educational scholars mostly from humanities. Vocational education is related to the background, this call for concern and attention.

Statement of the Problem

Reports from different states in Nigeria indicated the attitude of students towards basic technology subject.  Ekefre (2003) opined that many students cannot interpret simple machine drawings. The teaching of Basic Technology does not provide appropriate job training and experience in any specific trade or industrial area. No student on completion of the subject can carry out simple daily maintenance of motor vehicle in terms of checking oil level and water level in the radiator. The need therefore arises to assess the student attitude towards basic technology subject.

Absent of students in the school, sleeping in the classroom when lecture is going on, Inability of student to comprehend with teacher illustration.

Performance of students differ, some may have high performance while others have low. These differences attitude may be caused by various factors. Some of the factors that may affect student’s attitude towards basic technology are interest, training materials, influence of qualified teachers, management and parental attitude, teaching method, availability of laboratory and workshops, tools, equipment, and teacher incentives. Basic technology, like other science subjects, recorded students’ attitude and performance both in national and international examination (Adejoh, 2006). Many factors contributed to the poor performance of students in basic technology subject Adejoh 2006).

These factors include:

  1. i) Inability of the teachers to put across the concepts to the students
  2. ii) Lack of skills and competence required for teaching

iii) Shortage of qualified basic technology teachers

  1. iv) Lack of teaching materials and necessary equipment

Purpose of the study

  1. The study is to assess the attitude of secondary schools students towards the learning           of basic technology.
  2. The study would evaluate the relationship between the academic performance of the student and their attitude towards basic technology.
  3. The study would determine the factors influencing the attitude of students towards basic technology
  4. The study would determine the student attitude and interest towards basic technology



Significance of the study

          The outcome of this study would be a possible area of assistance which could enhance student’s better performance in basic technology as a subject. It will also provide some information to help the students overcome their problems in basic technology.

           The study would help to determine the performance and attitude of students in Basic technology.

The study will also help to determine the attitude and interest of students towards basic technology.

The study would be beneficial to the government, students and the society at large as it will have unveil the hindrances towards learning of Basic technology in our schools.

Delimitation of the study

This research is limited to secondary schools in Ekiti State. One secondary school each in four local government areas of Ekiti State were selected for the study.

The research was confined to J.S.S.II students only.

Research Question

The main purpose of this study has been broken down into the following research questions to serve as guides for the study.

  1. What is the general attitude of the students towards learning basic technology?
  2. What are the factors responsible for each attitudes?
  3. What is the relationship between such attitude and students performance in Basic technology.

Definition of Terms

In order to ensure that the readers of the report/study is necessary to define a number of unfamiliar terms/word such as:-

  • Science:- The study of knowledge which can be made into a system and which usually depends on seeing and testing of facts and stating of natural laws.
  • Performance:- This means the academic achievement as expressed by scores on achievement test.
  • Technology:- Study of the application of scientific discoveries.
  • Attitude:- The manner or teaching towards the teaching or both of integrated science, that is feelings towards the subject.
  • National Business and Technical Examination Board:- (NABTED). This is examinations to general education and all vocational trades in the technical college nation wide at the end of the three years programmes.
  • Technical colleges:- These are mostly schools designated as senior secondary schools offering mainly, and in most cases, only technical education subjects. They also train students in the skills that make them craft man or master craftsman that are courses offered in vocational education.
  • Vocational education:- This is defined as vocational or technical training or retraining which is designed to prepare individuals for gainful employment as semi-skills or skilled workers or technicians or sub-professionals in recognized occupations (encyclopedias of Education 2006.)



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