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ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCE ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

ABSTRACT

This study was intended to analyse environmental influence on the teaching and learning of Business studies in Junior Secondary School in Ado Local Government area of Ekiti State as a case study. The problem of this study is to investigate environmental factors that influence the teaching and learning of business studies in Junior Secondary school in Ado Local Government area of Ekiti State. To investigate the causes of disparity in the performance in Business studies and the possible effect of environment on performance of students in Business studies. The environments in which the school is located is bound to have direct influence on the learners. The findings were complied from responses to the questionnaire distributed to students in three junior secondary school in Ado Local Government of Ekiti State. The questionnaire was the primary instrument used to elicit response from respondents. The data collected were analysed and rating scale techniques. In conclusion, the study makes some recommendations that the “Lion share” of parents’ hearings be devoted towards the educational up bringing of their children instead of accumulation of more wives, children and celebrations.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                                 i

Certification                                                                             ii

Dedication                                                                                iii

Acknowledgement                                                                    iv

Abstract                                                                                   v

Table of content                                                                       vi

 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                             1

Background of the study                                                           1

Statement of the problem                                                                   3

Objective of the study                                                               4

Research question                                                                     5

Scope of the study                                                                    5

Hypothesis of the study                                                            5

Significance of the study                                                           6

Definition of terms                                                                             6

 

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                                                     7

Environment                                                                                      7

Home Environment                                                                            10

School Environment                                                                 12

Definition of Teaching                                                              14

Factors for Effective Teaching                                         14

Method for Effective Teaching                                        15

Meaning of Learning                                                       15

Resources for Teaching                                                   16

Method for effective Teaching                                         16

Heredity Factors                                                              17

Motivational factors                                                        17

Physiological factors                                                        18

Environmental factors                                                     19

School management factors                                             20

Health and nutritional factors                                          20

Instructional factors                                                        21

Geographical location of school                                       22

Effect of Environment                                                     23

Effect of Television, Radio and Newspaper

on student academic performances.                                  27

 

CHAPTER THREE

Research method                                                             30

Research Design                                                              30

Population of the study                                                   30

Sample/Sampling Technique                                           30

Method of data collection                                                          31

Instrument for data collection                                          31

Data Analysis Technique                                                 31

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Presentation Analysis                                              32

Discussion                                                                      34

 

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, Recommendation and conclusion                    36

Summary                                                                        36

Conclusion                                                                     38

Recommendation                                                            39

References                                                                      41

Appendix                                                                        43

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

In Nigeria educational system, less emphasis is paid to environment as a major factor that has absolute control on the educational attainment of the child. Environment plays a crucial role in the life of individual.

The level of education of the parent, occupation of parents, the attitude of people to education are some of the factors that affect the child at home which can make his progress in school, such as facilities / instructional aids, teacher-student’s relationship, remuneration for teacher to mention a few which are regarded as school environment contribute in no small measure to the academic performance of a child.

A child who is endowed with intellectual potential without exposure to comfortable and challenging environment, which can boost his natural endowment is band to perform poorly in his academics. The poor environment will affect him adversely. This argument is supported by wise man (2009) when he opined that high innate intelligence coupled with bad environment might produce poor educational attainment because of lack of parental backing encouragement, poor motivation and so on. However, if a child with lesser natural talent is brought up in a challenging and conducive environment, all other things being equal, he will perform well in his subjects in school.

Akinyemi (2008) declared that among the Local Government in Ekiti State, Ado Local Government is one of those whose performance in the junior secondary school Examination in Business studies has attracted public attention in terms of high rate of failure. He said that most of the teachers posted to the local government do not stay in their stations to deliver the goods to the student rather they engaged in businesses. This is rampant in schools in the rural areas of the local government where the effect of truancy on the part of the teachers is that, only a few of them can boast of covering half of the topics specified in the school syllabuses sent to schools by the examining body. But in the case of urban areas nothing like that.

Since the final examination is based on the syllabuses and not on the number of topics treated in the syllabuses, there is bound to be mass failure. This reason account for the mass failure in Business studies witnessed every year the high failure rate in Business studies at the junior secondary school certificate examination in the Local Government is alarming. The situation has caught the attention of the researcher and made the researcher to investigate the environment factors that influence in teaching and learning of Business studies in Junior secondary schools and the extent to which they are responsible for the performance of the students in the Junior secondary certificate examination.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The performance of students in a school is not based on a single factor but variety of factors much environment is among the major ones. Some of those are: Family background, poverty level, teaching materials, transportation, attitude of parents to teachers, location of the school etc.

Adeyeye (2005) opined that the environment in which students live and learn influences tremendously the degree of their educational achievement.

The problem of this study is to investigate environmental factors that influence the teaching and learning of Business studies in Junior secondary schools in Ado-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to look into the environmental factor as it affect students’ performance in Business studies in Junior secondary schools, using Ado Local Government as a case study.

  • To examine the social economics status of parents affect the learning of Business studies.
  • To investigate the availability of facilities and instructional equipment influence the teaching of Business studies
  • To examine the parents level of education affect the students’ academic performance in Business studies
  • To examine the teachers attitude to work influence the teaching of Business studies

 

  • To examine the environment factors that affects students’ academic performance in Business studies.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

These are the questions that will help us guide the project work. There are as follows.

  • Does the social economics status of parents affect the learning of Business studies in schools?
  • Do the availability of facilities and instructional equipment influence the teaching of Business studies in schools?
  • Does the parents level of education affect the students academic performance in business studies in schools?
  • Does the teachers attitude to work influence the teaching of Business studies in schools?
  • Does the environmental factors affects students’ academic performance in Business studies?

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study focused on Junior secondary Education in Ado Local Government area of Ekiti State with particular reference to environmental influence on the teaching and learning of Business studies.

The environmental factors that relates to teaching and learning of Business studies that were investigated were social-economics status of parents and facilities/instructional equipments in schools and location of school.

HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY

The following operational hypothesis were formulated for this study;

  1. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of the student in Business studies in urban and rural schools
  2. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of female student in Business studies in urban and rural schools
  3. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of male student in Business studies in urban and rural schools

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The importance of this research work cannot be over emphasized. This project work would help to improve the performance of students in Business studies in the Junior secondary school certificate Examination. Furthermore, it would create awareness to the parents on the importance of Business studies in the Junior secondary school curriculum. Parents will become interested in the utility function of Business studies and this will make them change the erroneous impression about business studies.

Moreover, it will avail the policy makers the opportunity of understanding areas where resources and attention should be focused to raised the level of achievement and standard of education in this area.

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Some technical terms which features in this study are defined to aid readers’ understanding

Rural School: A school located in a relatively homogenous small community were people know each other i.e. under developed area. There are relatively few numbers of industries and social amenities such as pipeborne water, library, electricity etc.

Urban School: It refers to a school sited in a large heterogeneous community or environment where there are many social amenities and where there are fine structures of schools that are build around the area.

Academic performance: It refers to the outcome of student learning experience quantifiable through continuous assessment and examination grading.

 

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CHAPTER TWO

HOW TO ORDER FOR COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

STEP 1

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