FACTOR MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE TEACHING OF CHEMISTRY IN NIGERIA COLLEGES OF EDUCATION
Background to the study.
Nations all over the world, whether developed or developing nations recognize the vital role of science and technology in national development. It is in undisputable fact that no nation can advance scientifically and technologically without a sound science education programme. It is realization of this fact that the Federal Government of Nigeria in her National Policy on Education (2008, 29) stated that the goals of science education in Nigeria shall be: “to produce scientists for national development; and to service studies in technology and the cause of technological development”. In further pursuance of these goals the Federal government stated that:
Special provisions and incentives shall be made for the study of the sciences at each level of the national education system. For involved in the promotion of the study of Government; and Government shall popularize the study of the sciences and the productions of adequate number of scientists’ to\ inspire and support national development (FGN, 2008).
To achieve the above goals and fulfill the promises made by the government, a number of Federal Government secondary schools (unity schools), technical colleges, special science secondary schools, and universities of science and technology were established in different states of the country by the Federal and various State Governments in Nigeria. In addition, government is sponsoring the teaching of science subjects in the secondary schools through building and equipping of science laboratories in schools, and staffing the schools with qualified science teachers. Unfortunately, all these efforts by the Federal Government and various state governments do not seem to be yielding the desired result, judging by the persistent poor performance of secondary school students in science subjects in general and chemistry in particular in public examinations.
This under achievement in science; particularly in chemistry is worrisome to the governments, educationist and science educators bearing in mind that it is at the secondary education level that a sound foundation for further study in science and science related disciplines is laid. Sound chemistry education therefore is inevitable in order to produce the desired scientists and technologist needed for the scientific and technological advancement of this country.
Chemistry is one of the science subjects studied at the senior secondary education level. It lays foundation for further study in chemistry and other chemistry related course at a higher level. Chemistry is a practical oriented subject that requires a lot of practical work using chemistry laboratory equipments. Chemistry laboratory equipments must not only be adequately provided in schools; but must be optimally utilized for effective teaching of chemistry by qualified chemistry teachers and for meaningful leaning of chemistry by students.
This lack of exposure to laboratory work makes it difficult for chemistry students to identify and use simple chemistry laboratory equipment during public examinations. Hence they perform poorly in senior secondary school certificate examinations.
Chemistry laboratory equipments are those instructional materials in the form of scientific equipment, materials and chemicals found in chemistry laboratories which are use for laboratory or practical work in chemistry. Laboratory or practical work in chemistry is those contacts or interactions of students with scientific equipment, materials and chemicals which make direct contributions towards understanding or learning of chemistry concepts. The value of utilizing qualify and experienced chemistry in teaching chemistry lies in involving students in concrete experiences with objects for meaningful learning of chemistry concepts and for enhancing performance in chemistry.
Statement of the Problem.
The persistent poor performance of secondary school students in chemistry in senior school certificate examination is causing serious concern in education circles. This is because of the vital role of chemistry education for scientific and technological advancement of this country. The West
In WAEC, students under performance in chemistry can be attributed to their lack of familiarity with common chemistry teachers and laboratory equipment or apparatuses/poor knowledge in the fundamental principles and procedures for practical chemistry. This implies that senior secondary school students are not sufficiently exposed to chemistry laboratory equipment through practical or laboratory exercises prior to senior school certificate examinations. Hence, students are unfamiliar with chemistry laboratory equipment and are unable to use them during chemistry practical examinations. Consequently, they performed poorly in chemistry in senior school certificate examinations.
This study therefore, will investigate the impact of chemistry teachers’ qualification and experience on secondary school students in Ado local government area of Ekiti State.
Purpose of the study
The main purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of chemistry teachers’ qualification and experience on secondary school students in external examination. The availability o qualifies chemistry teachers’ for teaching chemistry in senior secondary schools in Ado local Government Area, Ekiti State
- The utilization of chemistry laboratory equipment in teaching chemistry in senior secondary schools in Ekiti State.
- The impact of availability and utilization of chemistry laboratory equipment on chemistry performance on male and female chemistry students in senior secondary schools.
Significance of the study.
The findings of this study will likely be of benefit to both the Federal and State governments of Nigeria. It will sensitize the government on the urgency of employing additional qualified and experience chemistry teachers, building and equipping chemistry laboratories in all the senior secondary schools in Ekiti State. This is necessary so that chemistry students can be exposed to relevant practical skills which students must acquire for problem solving and enhanced performance in senior school certificate examinations.
Scope of the study.
The study will investigate the impact of chemistry teachers’ qualification and experience on secondary school students in external examination ado local government area of Ekiti State.
The study will be conducted in forty-five (5) senior secondary schools in ado local government area of Ekiti state. Only Government secondary school ado Ekiti will be use empirically.
The study wills be guided by the following research questions:
- What percentage of chemistry teachers is qualified will be selected in Government secondary school ado Ekiti?
- What percentage of chemistry teachers use of chemistry laboratory equipment in teaching chemistry in senior secondary schools in ado Ekiti?
- What is the impact chemistry of teacher qualification and experience of on the performance in senior secondary schools in ado Ekiti?
- What percentage of male and female chemistry students can state the usage of chemistry laboratory equipment found in chemistry laboratories in senior secondary schools in ado Ekiti?
The following hypotheses will tested at 0.05 level of significance:
HO1: The impact of chemistry teacher qualification and experience of on the performance in senior secondary schools in Ado Ekiti? Will be made available and utilize doing the study to determine the significantly different from students in the study.
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