GENDER AGE PARENTAL AND ENVIRONMENT AS PREDICTOR STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL
The study sought to examine how gender, age, parental and school environment predicted student’s academic performance in secondary schools. The study was carried out in ten random selected secondary schools in Ado – Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
The investigation made use of 100 secondary school students who responded to a four point like type 15 – item questionnaire data analysis involved the use of t – test statistical technique. The result indicated that there was no significant difference in the opinion of male and female students on how student’s gender predicts their academic performance, students from high and low socio – economic background are of the view that parental background significantly influence students’ academic performance and that improved conditions in the homes of students may help to improve the learning capacity of students and therefore the level of attainment is school.
In order to ensure an appreciable improvement in the quality of education in schools, staffing situations in schools in terms of quality and quality should n improved considerably. It is essential that the parents should provide for the child, child, a home environment that is conducive for learning
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
Background to the Study
Statement of the Study
The research Question
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the Study
Scope and Limitations of the Study
Review of Related Literature
Relationship between student’s gender and academic performance
Relationship between students’ parental background and their academic performance
Population of the Study
sample and Sampling Techniques
Validation of the Instrument
Administration of the Instrument
Method of Data Analysis
Data analysis and Presentation
Discussion of the Findings
Summary of findings, Conclusion and Recommendations
Background to the Study
Students learning are influence by interplay of their individual family and school characteristic. Family differently they shape their children’s behaviour and attitude towards school and in their ability to provide learning opportunities for their children. Such difference influence children’s readiness to learn even before they come to school. As children progress through the school system, the early differences; in their academic competencies may be either reduced or exacerbated depending upon their schooling experiences, UNESCO (2003).
To ensure that children reach their full potential, it is important for educational system to provide appropriate and equitable learning opportunities to students from all family background. If policies are successfully, students in educational system would have high levels if average performance. At the same time, there would be small gaps between females and males, individuals from disadvantaged and well to do families.
Family’s characteristics are a major source of disparity in student educational outcomes. Thus, providing a supportive learning environment at home requires parents’ time as much as financial resources. Single parents’ families have no average income that two parents families and are thus move constrained a ensuring adequate financial resources to merit their children needs. In addition, since single parent must cope with the double responsibilities of work and child rearing, it may be move challenging for them to provide and maintain a supportive learning environment for their children. Many factors potentially affect students’ performances at the secondary school level. These factors include the differences between genders, and age at the entry, into school, Whelan (2006).
The age difference among students is an important factor that determines students’ academic performance, Age stand on an inevitable measure of intelligence quotient as in relationship between mental age and chronological age which determine academic performance.
The concept of sex had identified make and female as leaving masculine and feminine characteristics which invariably are thought to affect the academic performance of students because it is noticed that girls before the age eleven tend to perform better than boys in same school subject. Osineye (2005), Gbebe (1993) contented that students tend to have negative attitude towards mathematics and other science subjects. On a general note, girls tend to prefer literary and subject like Bible knowledge and Yoruba. Other subjects are home economics and commerce while boys are good in the science.
Parental factors, have from genesis contributed great deal in imposing their prominence as epitomized in the varieties in students’ academic performance it is to say that a well-rounded family and stable environment is most likely to give a child usually to become a positive and prosperous student. According to Nicholas (2005), the shift from traditional family lifestyles to divorced and single parents’ lifestyles have weakened the ability of parents to integrate themselves into their children’s education. Factors such as poverty, low parent education and also contributed to the children’s problems in school. It is in recognition of the decline in school subjects that its pertinent that a study in gender, age, parental as school environment and performance of students in secondary school is necessary, thus this background emphasized the need for the present study.
Statement of the Problem
There is the general perception that performs in secondary school probably because their foundation is weak. In order to find solution to source of these problems of teaching and learning in secondary schools, this study is put in place to investigate some students’ related variable as they affect students’ academic performance.
The problem of this study is therefore to examine the influence of students’ gender, age, parental background and school environment on the academic performance of students in secondary school.
- Will student’s gender predict the academic performance of students?
- Does student’s age affect their academic performance?
- Will student’s parental background significantly predict the academic performance of students?
- Will students’ environment significantly inference student’s academic performance
- Does broken home have any effects on the academic performance of students?
Purpose of the Study
The performance of students in examination is a matter of a great concern by teachers, parents and the societies. The purpose of this study therefore is to examine whether student gender, age, school characteristic. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of age, gender, parental and school environment on the academic performance of students.
Significance of the Study
The outcome of this study would provide basic of effective teaching and learning in secondary school.
The finding of this study will also make the curriculum developers to design a curriculum that will promote high learner and student’s interaction for the teacher.
It will also bring about awareness for decision making bodies and even teacher to look into the problems facing teaching and learning in secondary school, in terms of the identified variables
It will bring about awareness for school on the need to provide a conducive environment for teaching and learning in classrooms
It will also bring about awareness for parents in the area of provision for necessary facilities/needs of students in school.
It will serve as a reference work and learning paid for further researches on the extent to which the identified variable affects students’ performance in schools
Scope of the Study
The study was concerned with finding out gender age parental and environment as predictor’s student’s academic performance in secondary schools in the area of study.
The study attempted to examine such age parental to the school, to the family, to the government and society at large. Academic performance in public school subjects in school where not dealt with in their study.
Limitation of the Study
This work is limited to ten randomly selected schools consisting of five pupils and five private secondary schools from Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The limited resources at the disposal of the researcher made it impossible for the study to cover a large area. The work is also faced with the time constraints and inadequate finance.
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