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HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON PRODUCTIVITY IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BREWERIES PLC IBADAN

HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON PRODUCTIVITY IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BREWERIES PLC IBADAN

ABSTRACT

The aim of carrying out this research work was to examine the impact of human resources management on productivity in manufacturing industry.

The study made use of sampling method in order to achieve the objective of the study. A total twenty (20) staff were selected. The percentage scoring technique was adopted for the analysis of data collected for the study.

Finding from the study showed that there was high rate importation i.e. importing goods that can be manufactured in Nigeria etc. this brings about the increase in the exchange rate and also efforts had been made by every emerging government, through programmes and policies to proffer a lasting solution to the problems.

The study therefore, recommended among others that the government of Nigeria should provide adequate health and medical facilities, to workers, Government should also ensure efficient communication between staff and government and should put in place new condition of service so as to improve the efficiency of workers.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1            Background of the Study

1.2            Statement of Problem

1.3            Objective of the Study

1.4            Research Hypothesis

1.5             Research Question

1.6            Significance of the Study

1.7            Scope of the Study

1.8            Definition of the Term

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1            Introduction

2.2            Nigeria Breweries a Manufacturing Company in Nigeria

2.3            Industrial Relation

2.4            Manpower Development and Training in Nigeria

Breweries Plc Ibadan

2.5            The Infect of Human Resource Management in

Manufacturing Sector

2.6            Education and Training

2.2.3    HRM and Industrial Relations

2.2.4    Administrative Management

2.2.5    Human Relations

2.2.6    The Behavioural Aspect

2.2.7    Motivation through Wage and Salary Structure

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

3.1            Introduction

3.2            Research Design

3.3            Population of the Study

3.4            Sample and Sampling technique

3.5            Research Instrument

3.6            Validity of the Research Instrument

3.7            Administration of the Instrument

3.8            Procedure for Data Collection and Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1            Introduction

4.2            Interpretation of Result

4.3            Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1            Summary

5.2            Conclusion

5.3            Recommendation

REFERENCES                                                                      54-55

APPENDIX                                                                            56-62

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1            Background of the Study

Human resources management is a process of making use of materials and human resources to accomplish designated objects.

It involves the organization, coordination and evaluation of people to achieve those goals. Human resources management in all industries of the world from past to the present is the strength towards productivity.

In any manufacturing industry, the aim is to achieve maximum efficiency in production and to achieve this, the salaries and wages of the employees should commensurate with the activities they perform. If the salaries of the employees are very low, this becomes a problem in production efficiency. It is important that people should be involved in making decision on matters affecting them vis-à-vis the manufacturing industries and also where they are able to contribute joint consolation, committee, meeting, joint unions and management committee should be maintained upon a basis by which considering the welfare of the individual enable all those involved to engaged in the undertaken to make their maximum contribution to the effective working of that undertaken. To derive efficiency and welfare human management in a manufacturing industry.

This study therefore investigates the need for human resources management in the manufacturing sector using Nigeria Breweries Plc Ibadan as a case study.

1.2            Statement of the Problem

In the manufacturing industry in Nigeria, there have been several problems of inadequate and inconsistent condition of employment of workers, which often is against the national labour congress policy inadequate health facilities and medical attention, which is the basic necessity for every citizen. Also bias recruitment drive and favoritism in selection and placement of staff parade our manufacturing industry. Also, lack of adequate communication and follow-up between management and staff are also experienced in the industry several other human resources management problems also erode the industry and list is mending lack of adequate educational requirement for employment, low demand for specialized skills in terms of engagement and placement of staff inadequacy in services, training facilities, poor facilities and welfare packages for workers, lack of motivation to staff, indiscriminate disciplinary action and victimization of stag, unfriendly relationship amongst personnel and management of organization etc.

On the other side of the coin is the reduction in the output of the manufacturing sector, which can be directly attributed to the low level of productivity in the sector. The industry continues to account for a reducing share of its contribution to the Gross Domestic Products (GDP) of the nation as a result of low and reducing capacity utilization in the industry. Two problems have been highlighted here: poor human resources management and low productivity in the manufacturing industry. This study will therefore aim at investigating if there exist a relationship between resource management and productivity in the manufacturing sector of the nation.

1.3            Objective of the Study

The major objective of this study is to verify the relationship that exists between human resources management and productivity in manufacturing sector in Nigeria.

Other specific objective are as follows

  1. To investigate the important of a good reward system in improving the level of commitment and productivity in the sector.
  2. To verify the impact of motivation on the productivity of staff in the manufacturing industry
  3. To investigate the significance of the staff training and development towards the productivity of the sector
  4. To investigate the significance of staff-welfare in improving their level commitment and productivity in the sector
  5. To investigate the important of a good medical and health facility towards the productivity sector
  6. Lastly, to find a solution to the problem of human resources management in the industry

1.4            Research Hypotheses

That there is no significant relationship between human resource management and productivity in the manufacturing industry.

1.5            Research Questions

A questionnaire will be used to carryout the research based on the following research questions

  1. Can the poor system of remuneration of staff and other forms of labour incentives be improved with an industrial organization or environment?
  2. Are there benefits of health facilities and medical attention in the working environment?
  3. Should there be effective communication flow between management staff and other workers within a working environment?
  4. Does in-services training has any benefit in a working environment?
  5. Does poor and inefficient output in any manufacturing industry relate to poor welfare?

1.6            Significance of the Study

There are several answers to many frequently asked questions that this write-up will give human resource management and productivity in a company are two important factors that should be duly addressed in any forward looking firm. The problem, of poor inputs either as a result of inadequate factors of production like land, labour, is one of those factor of production, it is therefore important to study effect or impact of skilled and unskilled on the productivity of the industry, holding all other factors constraints this study will effect a remarkable change in communication system between management and staff of any organization. After a careful evaluation of deficiencies in dissemination of management information with the system.

1.7            Scope of the Study

The scope of this research work is to cover the human resources management and its impact on productivity in a manufacturing industry in Nigeria Breweries Plc Ibadan.

1.8            Definition of Terms

Human resources: Can be referred as the most important factor of production while other are the materials and financial resources.

Management: Is the process of using judiciously available human and material resources in order to achieve organization or group goals

Productivity: Can be measure by comparing the amount produced with the time taking on the resource use to produce it.

Manufacturing: Is the activity of making things by industrial processes.

Industry: Can be define as the making on production of things in factories.

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