Background of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Significance of the Study

Research Questions

Delimitations of the Study

Definition of Terms

II       REVIEW OF LITERATURE                                            

III     METHODOLOGY                                                     

Research Design

Area of Study

Research Population

Sampling Procedure

Instrument for Data Collection

Validation of the Instrument

Reliability of the Instrument

Administration of the Instrument

Data Analysis Technique


Analysis of Data

Summary of Findings






Suggestions for Further Studies








This   study   was   designed   and   conducted   as   an investigation into the influence of socio-economic background of students   on their performance   in English language in Ondo state.

The research work focuses on five (5) randomly selected secondary   schools in   Ondo state. One hundred students were sampled using simple-randomization technique (dip hand method). Questionnaire was the main instrument for data collection, while simple percentage analysis was used to analyse the data collected.

Based on the findings, it was discovered that students from monogamous families performed better than students from un-educated   background   and   students   from high working class parents performed better than students from low working class parents.

Suggestions and recommendations were made to improve the performance of students in English language. Parents should encourage their children by providing the needed materials that will motivate them. They should buy them needed English textbooks and also give them enough exposure.





Background to the Problem

English Language plays a very important role in Nigeria society today. It is a language that is recognized throughout the whole world which serves as Nigeria lingua franca i.e a neutral language used as a means of communication among people of diverse mother tongue. Since Nigeria is made up of multivarious ethnic groups who speak about four hundred and fifty languages, a neutral language would be needed for easy communication among the ethnic groups. It is through English that people from different ethnic groups are able to communicate and interact.

English language serves as the language of instruction in most schools. It also serves as the medium through which other subjects are taught, since the secondary school curriculum is broad. A student who passes other subjects but fails English language would not be given admission into university or other tertiary institution.

English   language,   which   serves   as   the   language   of colonial master had assumed a prestigious status among the Nigerian citizens even before independence. The   language brings   some   reasonable   amount of prestige   on   whoever could adopt it. In essence, a proficiency in English language earns a man prestige and honour while a person who cannot use English efficiently would be restricted and marginalized.

From the above discussion on the role of English language. It   is   evident   that   English   language is very important as a language in the country as it affects everything   that   is   important   in   Nigeria   like   education, politics, national and international conferences, prints and electronic media, social interaction etc.

The major question that confronts us now however is, what manner of English language in Nigeria? It has become clear to virtually all stakeholders in the educational sector that performance in the use of English has taken a terrible nosedive, mastering simple and basic grammatical structure has become so popular that they have spread to the entire society.

The poor performance of students in English Language has continued to deteriorate in the recent times despite its status. The problem of poor performance in English Language in Nigeria is a matter of great interest to the researcher and great concern to the educators. It is well known fact that children from different degrees of academics success that is, there was a cumulative disadvantage from children from upper socio-economic status with 60% greater change of completing education than children from low working class home.

The expectation of Nigeria (that is people) on the performances of students through their achievement in school varies, most especially in English language as a subject. Despite the motivational variable put in place for high status caliber children, they are still performing below expectation. Likewise low-economic status caliber with little or no motivation still performing averagely well and vice versa in examination situation. It is to this background that this study is focused. It examines the effects of socio economic background or status of students on their achievement in English language.

Statement of the Problem

The impact of parents’ socio economic background of students on their achievement in English language has been the concerned of many researchers Some researchers have carried out researches in this field and they concluded that if avenue is given to low socio-economic background students to attend the school of high standard, they will perform well and they will have good performance and achievement.

Most researchers have carried out studies on factors influencing poor performance in English language but not much has been done in the area of finding the impact of parents’ socio-economic background of students on their achievement in English language especially in Ondo state. The researcher therefore, intends to examine background of the students on their achievement in English language   and   it   will   be   conducted   in   some   selected secondary schools.

Purpose of study

The general purpose was designed to investigate the impact of parents’ socio-economic background on students achievement in English language in Ondo state. Specifically, this research shall be based on the effects of some variables of socio-economic background of parents on students’ academic achievement in English language such variables are:

family type

educational background

source of income

parent type of work

Significance of Study

The primary objective of educational research is to increase existing stock of knowledge on educational phenomena and issues which will help us to provide appropriate solution to educational practices and also to enhance sustainable development in education.

Results from this study would be useful to the teachers, parents, educational researcher, learners and the schools administrators.

The importance of this study to teachers is that they would find the result as a useful in administering and controlling some issues in class-based on the achievement of their students. To parents, they will understand that, what exists in the society in all ramifications adds little or no reflection, to the academic achievement of their children in school of what the students get exposed to contribute to the encouraging achievement but the level of intelligent of such students determines most.

Finally, it will be useful to the educational researcher who may be interested in carrying out research on this topic latter as a useful guide.


Research Questions

This study provides answers to the following research questions.

  1. Does the socio-economic status of parents determine students’ achievement in English language?
  2. Do the students from monogamous families achieve better than those from polygamous families?
  3. Do the parents’ educational background affect students’ achievement in English language?
  4. Is the income of the parents a determining factor for students’ achievement in English language?
  5. Do the parents’ type of work affect their children’s achievement in English language?

Delimitation of Study

The research work covered Ondo state. The research is limited to the impact of parents socio-economic background on students performance and achievement   in English language. Using (5) five-selected secondary schools in Ondo state. Questionnaires were used to collect information on socio-economic background of students.

The researcher would have involved all the thirty six (36) schools in the area of the metropolis but for the time and financial   constraints,   she was forced to used   only five (5) selected secondary schools located in Ondo state

Definition of Terms

The following variables   and terms in the   study are clarified operationally.

  • Parental Educational attainment: It refers to the educational attainment acquired by the parents.
  • Performance: This is the act of doing or getting something done.
  • Socio-economic status: This describes a general descriptive word which sums up the family and social origin of an individual. It is usually established by reference to parents’ income, education and occupation.


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Updated: September 11, 2017 — 2:49 pm

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