Background to the Study
Corruption in Nigeria is as old as, Nigeria. It is embedded in the ethos, practices, conduct, beliefs, sayings, culture, idiosyncrasies and heritage of Nigeria. Corruption in Nigeria is a cankerworm that has, sadly, eaten very deep into fabrics of human societies.
The manifestations of corruption in Nigeria today include: contracts inflations, up-front payment by politicians for electoral positions (cash and carry politics), unjust court judgments, sacking of corrupt judges, dismissal of police and military personnel, arrest of governors outside Nigeria, collection of bribes/gratification from civil populace, arrest and trial of a former inspector General of Police and Governors by Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (an anti-graft agency), ostentations lifestyle of rulers, even admissions scam in Nigeria Higher Institutions of learning, to mention but a few.
In Nigeria, as indeed several African states, what appears to be devastating corrupt practices is the alarming phenomena of political leaders stealing billions and trillions of money which are public funds directly or through contracts awarded to personal companies without disclosure or contracts which were awarded only on paper but in the real sense of it, non-existent value, honour and misguided dignity is often ascribed to the wealthy or aristocrats in the society irrespective of the source of such wealth, that is, whether ill-gotten or otherwise, which in turn has greatly enhanced get-rich-quicks syndrome among the government officials and even their collaborators in the private sectors.
Osoba (1996) adds that corruption is an anti-social behavior conferring improper benefits contrary to legal and moral norms, and which undermine the authorities to improve the living conditions of the people. In their view, Windsor and Getz (2000), defined corruption as socially impermissible deviance from some public duty or, more generally, some ideal standard of conduct. Furthermore, corruption is defined as the act of illegally diverting resources (especially financial resources) meant for the good of the citizenry in a defined geographical area by a privileged individual or a group, for personal use, presumably for self-aggrandizement. In this sense corruption means the use of public resources for the achievement of personal ends. (Aluko, 2006). Recent development in Nigeria where discoveries of stolen public funds run into billions of US Dollars and Nigerian’s naira make these definitions very adequate and appropriate.
The use of political offices, authority, uniforms, etc, by some people to intimidate and subdue others further in Nigeria. It occurs in different forms and has contributed significantly to the poverty and misery states of a large proportion of Nigeria’s population.
It has equally been argued that economic factor is largely responsible for corruption in the third world countries since the standard of living is so poor that every opportunity to enhance people’s standard of living is often scuttled by the greedy few who have unfettered access to government resources. However, another school of thought has played down the economic factor as a cause for corruption in the third world countries since the rich few are more involved in large scale corruption by channeling for their private use what otherwise belongs to the public.
One of the most popular definition of corruption was given by Leslie Palmier (2013). According to this definition corruption is seen as the use of public office for private advantage. According to Friedrich (1966, pp.174-5) the use of public office for private advantage is not always widely perceived in a given society to be corrupt. “Particularly if an individual making personal gain is simultaneously making a positive contribution to the society-there is no necessary contradiction between private advantage and contributing to the general good-many citizens will see such actions as at least acceptable and sometimes even just reward.”
Considering the conflict that can arise between an abstract definition of corruption and its application to a complex real world some writers have distinguished between what can crudely be called good, bad and ambiguous corruption.
The level of corruption in a geo-political entity called Nigeria has reached a frightening height and dangerous proportion that the head of one of the vibrant anti-graft agency in Nigeria was quoted to have stated thus:
……having dealth with many corruption cases, I am inclined to suggest that public offices should be subjected to some form of psychiatric evaluation to determine their suitability for public office. The extent of aggrandizement and gluttonous accumulation of wealth that I have observed suggests to me that some people are mentally and psychologically unsuitable for public office.
She went further when she submitted that:
We have observed people’s amassing public health to a point of suggesting „madness‟ or some form of obsessive-compulsive psychiatric disorder.
The Transparency International (TI) in its 2009 Global Corruption Barometer report listed Nigeria among the most politically corrupt nations in the world. The reports also had it that African Countries were most largely affected by bribery. it is important to note that corruption though a universal problem yet it is more manifested in the developing/third world countries than the developed countries because of their devastating consequences.
Statement of the Problem
The adverse effects of corruption in Nigeria and other developed nations is that corruption is the bane of Governments and countries. It increases the cost of administration and development, it delays constructions and projects, it obstructs progress of the country. Developments cannot be made and wealth for the nation and the people cannot be increased.
The reputation of the country would be badly affected and investors and entrepreneurs, whether local or foreign would avoid investing causing unemployment with all the social side effects. Businesses just cannot thrive and government revenue would be reduced. Public works cannot be implemented, undermining the construction.
As noted earlier, Nigeria was tipped to be one of the industrial nations of the world. Fifteen to twenty years has elapsed and Nigeria is still groping in the dark. Industrialization remains a hue-cry. This is principally due to one main factor: corruption. The consequences of corruption for economic development are detrimental. It reduces the impact of development assistance and provides an incentive to exploit natural resources, further depleting our environmental assets. Various Nigerians leaders, either voted into power or not, have stolen from the public treasury.
It is obvious that no true sustainable national development can take place when our national wealth is being depleted and siphoned to private purse. And not until this is addressed, sustainable development in Nigeria will be a sham. It is the basis the research work sought to investigate the influence of corruption on political development using Ifedayo Local Government area of Osun State as case study
Purpose of the Study
The research generally aimed at investigating the in influence of corruption on political development in Ifedayo Local Government Area of Osun State. The specific purpose are to;
- examine the causes of corruption in the political system of Ifedayo Local Government
- examine consequences of corruption on economic and political development of the Ifedayo Local Government
- examine how to combat corruption in the Ifedayo Local Government
For purpose this research work, the following research questions were raised;
- what are the causes of corruption in the Ifedayo Local Government?
- what are the consequences of corruption on economic and political development of the Ifedayo Local Government?
- How to combat against corruption in the Ifedayo Local Government?
Significance of the Study
This study will be of great importance to the curbing of corruption in Nigeria political system in Ifedayo Local Government Area of Osun State. The study will contribute immensely to the exploration of the problem that had led to the backwardness of development in Ifedayo Local Government Area and to proffer possible solutions to the problem identified.
The research would serve as an eye-opener for the government, Nigeria citizens, politicians, seekers of knowledge, and concerned bodies on the issues of corruption and political development in Nigeria .
The study would also serve as a guide to students who may want to carryout research on the same topic or similar topic i.e it would add to the existing literature for researchers and students.
Delimitation of the Study
The study is delimited to examine the influence of corruption on political development in Ifedayo Local Government Area of Osun State. Respondents will choosen from the following towns; Ora-Igbomina, Oke-Ila, Ayegule, IsinmiOloto, and Alagbede. The study would involve civic servant, business man and women, semi-literate farmers and students.
Definition of Terms
Corruption: This is refers to dishonesty or fraudulent conduct by those in power or typically people in government.
Political development: Means “the increased differentiation and specialization of political structures and the increased secularisation of political culture
Political System: A political system is a system of politics and government. It is usually compared to the legal system, economic system, cultural system, and other social systems.
Political Economy: Political economy is a study of philosophy and ideology that studies the evolution of political and economic ideas. Political economy is a mixture of politics, economics, sociology, philosophy, and history, which all bring together evidence to the study of how humans exist within societies.
HOW TO ORDER FOR COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL
» Bank Branch Deposits, ATM/online transfers (Amount: ₦3,000 NGN)
|Bank: FIRST BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 3116913871 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 OR Click Here|
|Bank: ACCESS BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 0766765735 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here|
|Bank: HERITAGE BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 1909068248 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here|