THE INFLUENCE OF PARENTS ON CAREER CHOICE OF THEIR CHILDREN
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The purpose of this study is to measure the extent to which parent influence the career choice of their children right from secondary school level. The research was designed to find out the extent of the influence of parent on the career choice of their children using Ikere Local Government Area of a case study.
Research instrument uses for data collection were questionnaire and personal interview. The instruments were personally administered by the research on the sample randomly picked from the study population.
it has been observed from the research that many parents do not know certain pre-requisite consideration needed of a child before embarking on career choice or occupational preference of their children and many parent have less care for their children’s career development and so are careless about the type of occupation their children choose even of such a child approaches them. That is main reason why the life careers of young ones been ruined permanently.
however, the research that boys from low socio-economic homes are influenced by their parent in career choice while their female counterparts are not influenced.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
Background to the study
Statement of the Problem
Objective of the study
Relevance of the study
The Study Area
Review of Related Literature
Influence of the school Personality
Population and sample
Validity of Instrument
Reliability of Instrument
Research Instrument Administration
Method of Data Analysis
Analysis of Data and Results
Discussion of the Findings
Background of the Study
Every society whether simple or complex, developing or developed has its own system of educating and training its youths. Differences could only be seen in goals, tempo and method of approach. In order to understand the Nigeria child in relation to his career needs, it is necessary to consider how the child’s position has been conceived.
The aim of education in the pre-literate and pre industrial Nigeria was job oriented. Education was aimed at producing youths who would not only be useful to himself, his extended family, but also to the society as a whole.
At the family level, parent gets children to learn and acquire whatever skill or trade was running in the family through direct supervision and continue guidance from nuclear family as well as the extended family where individual had to make a choice, sufficient guidance would have been sought from either the priest or wise men or women in the locality. It must however be noted that guidance or advice given was based on any psychological analysis. Where a skill was not available in a family, children were apprenticed to other families where such skill was practiced.
In African societies, career choice of children is influenced by parent. The apprenticeship system showed that children future job/career was already tailored for him. Some occupations were seasonal and because of this, it was possible to combine two or three occupations that would not be easily affected by weather or changing season. Some even carried a dual profession that is fully practiced. One during the day and the other at night. For example, one could be a farmer as well as a hunter.
The situation described above has not changed so much despite the introduction of Western education. The reason for this might be because Africa parent are very particular and two anxious about the future of the children. The major point that parent of today have not realized is that children of today are not being influenced by both socal and technological changed and developed.
The effect of this is that the career advices being given by parent are often inadequate and in some cases children are being misled either as a result of ignorance or selfish motives of some parent. This type of situation has often resulted into career dissatisfaction and maladjusted of children in later years.
In view of the fact that the whole process of human growth and development, and in view of the huge amount of money and federal government of Nigeria has spent and still spending on Education and the economic implication of career maladjustment it is necessary to have a close study with the sole aim of having solution or at least minimizing career imposition by parent.
Statement of the Problem
If could be observed that many parent not withstanding their academic status do not know certain pre requisite considerations needed of a child before embarking on career choice, many parent have less care for their children’s career development and so careless on the type of occupation their children choose even if such a child approaches them. This is one of the reasons why many youth have been trained in their career.
Objective of the study
Nearly all parent within nuclear and extended family system wants their children to each the top of the ladder as far as careers are concern. In view of this, they give one form of career advice or are other to their children.
The main objective of the study are to examine the influence of parent on the career choice of their children particularly how the job of the parent influence their children particularly how the job of the parent influence their children’s career choice. Furthermore, the study would like to know the effect of parental socio-economic status on the choice of career by their children as well as to find out whether the influence of parent cut across the sex.
Relevance of the Study
Education today has become the most potent force of progress in spheres of man endeavours-social, political and economic; a system of Education is bound to satisfy the need of the society where it is sited or else it will cause irreparable harm to the society. This study would assist to offer suggestion on ways parent can guide or advice their children on career choice. I would also be useful for guidance counselors in school to assist students in choosing career and offering suggestion to the parent on how to pilot their children career choice.
The study would also contribute to the various studies carried out by scholars and authors in the field of career choice.
This research work has generated the following research questions
- Has socio-economic life of the parent any influence on their children choice of career?
- Will parents occupation influence their children choice of career?
- Do children rely on luck or destiny in their decision to choose a career?
Below are the hypotheses put forward to be tested in this work.
- There is no significant difference in the influence of parent on career choice of children between children from high and low socio-economic status home in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
- There is significant difference in the influence of parent on career choice of female children (girls) between children from high socio-economic status homes.
The Study Area
The project work covered Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The Local Government Consists of Ikere urban and six (6) villages as follow:-
Ayeye, Ayede, Aba-Aso, Aba-Oye, Aba-Aloba, Aba Okondo and Igbon-Ijan.
The Local Government is located on latitude 90 550 and 90 220 east of Green Which median. It is bounded in the Ekiti by Ise Orun Local Government Area of Ekiti State and bounded in the South by Ado Local Government which is the State Capital while in the East it is bounded by Ise-Orun Local Government and bounded in West by Ekiti South West Local Government Areas.
Ikere Local Government covers an Area of about 465 square kilometers. Is East to West extent stretches for about 26 kilometers and the south to the North Stretch in about 30 kilometers.
The local relief is about 400 meters about eh sea level in the South. The land scape is dotted with rounded inserbergs and steep sided hills of volcanic origin such as Orole Hill near Amoye Grammar School Olosunta Hill beside Eleyo High School: Ugele Hill near African church Comprehensive High School.
The influences of parent on career choice of their wards or children have been of great concern to researcher both in the field of psychology and sociology. Efforts have also been made by researchers to know that motivates an individual in to certain vocations and repels him from others.
The researchers focused mostly on children’s adolescence period because it is at that age youngsters make vital life decisions such as the selection of career, life partner, vocation, philosophy of lice, although some of these decision may not be attainable. In this chapter, a review of available literature on career choice by adolescent would be come out under these sub-headings.
- Parental influence
- Environmental influence
- Age preference
- Influence of the school
- Personality and
- Intellectual ability
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