PROBLEM FACING TEACHING AND LEARNING HEALTH EDUCATION AMONG THE STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION
Background of the study
Health education is not evaluated in terms of muscular or strength of physical size. The world health organization (WHO 1947) see health as a state of complete physical, mental moral and social well-being of an individual not merely in the absence of disease or infirmity.
According to Enoh (2001). health education is seen and conceived as being that quality of physically mentally, and emotionally vel1-being which enable individual to live more effectively and enjoyable.
Teaching health education in colleges is a critical element for the survival of human being and for the effective understanding of a person’s immediate environment (Nayor, Kelly and Lewis, 2005) as man’s contemporary world becomes more industrialized and complex. man and his immediate eco-system is faced with various disease and degradation that only clear understanding of how to maintain a healthy living can save us from hazard.
According to Bucher (2000) health is a state in which all the body organ such as Brain, heart, kidney, liver, etc. Are functioning properly effectively and support each other in such a manner that the body appreciate as an integral whole in order to achieve complete health. In the same vain, health education is the provision of systematic educate. Programme for the developmental of desirable habit, attitude on knowledge in relation to personal community and environmental health, in essence health education could be referred to as promotion and preservation of healthy living with respect to man his biological environment and ecosystem Tunner (2009).
It is disheartening to note that in spite of the government effort to make Nigeria free from health prob1ern which can hinder the achievement of health or all by the year 2013. Health education is still not well taught in our schools.
In some of our colleges. health period are favour the time table. The acute neglect of health education became more glaring. When one consider the omission curriculum health education f the scheme of school curriculum modules prepared under. The auspices of national implementation committee on national policy education the teaching of health education is further reduce to nothing lacking into account some of the problem facing it in school for example in some colleges it is handled by unqualified lectures. Some lecture here no interest in the course. This lack of interest could be traced to the fact that it is taught as a subject to physical education (Ogunleye, 2006).
The teaching of health education is made and abstract subject that has no or little value at the environment of our college for example most of our schools have no toilet facilities, and no e water to drink. In same school the nutritional aspect is not even catered for. Thus one discovers that the school that is supposed to be a specimen of an ideal environment is not better than the homes.
Many people are not really interested in the subject because what is taught does not have any coherence with what is obtained in the real life. Health education is more valued when one consider the adage which says “train a child in the way he should go and when grows he will not live it”.
Studies by Eke (2001) and Idehen (2004) revealed that in many part of Nigeria, health instruction in college of education was poorly carried out. The non-implementation of the instructional component of the health educational materials were mainly the problems identified by the researcher as responsible for poor status of health education in Nigeria school system. It is significant to mention that in whatever function one find oneself, the most important factor is good health. If health is lacking. Productivity will be seriously under mined. Thus every health education teacher in Nigeria has the potential for positively affecting the health status of student furthermore, student content with health problems influence their ability to learn. For instance, some student are not adequately fed, other lack relevant vaccination and are vulnerable to various infections and diseases such as tuberculosis, measles, meningitis, malaria.
Studies by Ireson (2000) revealed that many students are brought up in families in which domestic violence and drug or chemical dependency are the. rule rather than the exception. These observation compel and make necessary the provision and adequate implementation of health education curriculum in schools.
Health education instructional objective are expected to provide health knowledge, wellness behaviour, remote health situations facilitate healthful relationships and enable student make responsible decisions. An earlier report (Barnard 2006), on the objectives of health instruction include that it can help learner to develop resistance skills when appropriate. promote protective factors, ensure resilience in terms of the ability to prevent or to recover from sickness and to promote health literacy.
Studies by Dewson (2007) and Gold (2009) revealed that significance of health instruction and they concluded that health instruction is effective in reducing many high-risk behaviours, teenage pregnancies smoking rate among young people, but its overall effectiveness depends on many factors such as the quality of teachers providing health instruction, the available instructional materials in terms of textbook, pamphlet, posters and other available infrastructure facilities such as play field, toilet, comprehensiveness of the health education programme, time available for instruction family involvement and community participation in matter related to heath education.
According to Makanjuola (2000). Health education is defined as all those experience of an individual group of community that influence belief, attitudes and behaviours with respect to health as well as the process and effect of production change where necessary of optima health.
Statement of the study
In spite of the several research that have being carried out to examine the issue and problem pertaining teaching of health education among student of the college of education, on have attempted to address the role of school administrators, although shuck smith and wood (2008), had earlier reported that administrative factors have little or influence the teaching of health education in Nigerian colleges and to evaluate the factors that influence the teaching of health education in Nigeria college. It has been observed that there were no qualified health education lecturer to teach health education as a course and this has been handled by other course lecturer, instructional material were not made available in college of education. Some of the lecturer cannot lay hand on relevant and current textbook and instructional material. In most cases fund were not made available for the implementation of health education programme in school by the government.
Hence, this prompted the researcher to investigate the problem of teaching health education among student of the college of education Ikere Ekiti, Ekiti state Nigeria.
Purpose of the study.
This study will find out the problem of teaching health education among the student of college of education lkere Ekiti,ekiti state.
Specifically, this study intend to find out
- Qualified health education teachers were available to teach health education college of education Ikere-Ekiti
- Enough textbooks and instructonal materials for the teaching of health education in college of education Ikere Ekiti
- Health education lecture were well motivated in college of education
- Enough funds were made available for the implementation of health education programme in college of education Ikere Ekiti.
Significance of the study
This study focuses on the problem of teaching health education among the students of college of education Ikere Ekiti local government area of Ekiti state.. This study will comprised some selected students in the department of physical and health education in the college of education Ikere Ekiti, Ekiti State.
The questionnaire will be distributed by the researcher and. three (3) other research assistants from the department . The research will be based only on the independent variables which are lack of funds, lack of instructional materials, no qualified lectures and lack of sufficient motivation.
Scope of the study
This study is designed to find out the problems of teaching health Education in college of education Ikere Ekiti. This study will comprise of some selected students in the department of physical and health education in college of education in Ikere Ekiti, Ekiti State Nigeria.
- Are there qualified health education lecturers to teach health education in college of education Ikere Ekiti?
- Are there enough textbooks and audio visual aids for effective teaching of health education?
- Are health education lecturers motivated?
- Are there funding for curriculum’?
- Is the curriculum for health education properly implemented’?
- There will be no significantly qualified health education lecturers to teach health education in college of education in Ikere-Ekiti.
- Textbooks and audio visual aid will not be significantly enough for effective teaching of health education.
- Health education lecturers will not be significantly well motivated. (4.) There will be no significant funding for curriculum.
- The curriculum for health education ‘will not be significantly properly implemented.
Definition of terms
Health: – The general condition of your body and how healthy you are. Doing more exercise will improve your health.
Education: – The process of teaching and learning usually at shool, college or in university.
Problems: – Something that cause difficulty or troubles Infrastructure: – The basic system and structure that a country or organization needs in order to work properly.
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