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THE PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN

THE PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to examine the prevalence of urinary tract infections among Primary school children in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. A total number of two hundred pupils were randomly sampled, one hundred males and one hundred females. The instrument used for data collection was a self developed questionnaire given to the respondents. The researcher employed descriptive survey research design, the data was analyzed with the use of frequency counts and percentages. Based on the results of the study, it was discovered that urinary tract infection is prevalent among primary school pupils in Ikere local government Area of Ekiti State. The result further revealed that urinary tract infections is more prevalent in female pupils than male but a particular type of the disease known as shictosomiasis is mostly found in male children at ages ten to twelve in primary five to six. The study further revealed that poor personal hygiene, lack of adequate fluid intake, swimming in infected rivers are very common. On the basis of the findings it was recommended that there should be regular laboratory test of pupils urine specimen. Health education unit of the Primary school health programme must intensify its campaign on good personal hygiene, provision of good toilet facilities at home and in the schools, regular fluid intake among pupils and discouraging them from swimming in rivers..

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page ………………………….…………………………………….i

Certification ………..…………………………………………………..ii

Dedication …………………………………..………………………….iii

Acknowledgement …………………………………………………..iv-v

Abstract ………………………………………………………………vi

Table of Contents …………………………………………….……vii-ix

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

Background of the Study ………………………………..……………1-4

Statement of the Problem …..……………………………………………5

Purpose of the Study ……………………………………………..……5-6

Research Questions……………………………………………….……6-7

Significance of the Study ……………………………………………..7-8

Delimitation of the Study …..……………………………………………8

Definition of Terms…………………………………………………..9-11

CHAPTER TWO: Review of Related Literature …………………12

Introduction to Topic Under Study …………………………………13-16

Brief Anatomy and Physiology of the Urinary Tract………………16-21

Types of Urinary Tract Infection with Signs and Symptoms………21-30

Incidence of Urinary Tract Infection ……………………………….…30

Diagnosing Urinary Tract Infection ………………………………..….31

Complications of Urinary Tract Infection…………………………..31-32

General Management of Urinary Tract Infection…………..………32-33

Preventive Measures for Urinary Tract Infection…………………..33-34

Summary of Literature Review …………………………………….….34

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology……..…………………35

Research Design …………………………………….…………..…35-36

Population of the Study ………………………………..………………36

Sample and Sampling Techniques………………………………..……36

Research Instrument ……………………………………………………37

Validity and Reliability of the Instrument ………………………….…38

Method of Data Collection ………………………………….…………38

Method of Data Analysis ……………………………………….……..38

CHAPTER FOUR: Data Analysis, Result and Discussions………..39

Results…………………………………………..…………………..39-49

Discussion of Findings ……………….…………………………….49-51

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

Summary ……………………………………………………………52-53

Conclusion …………………………………………………………53-54

Recommendations…………………………………………….……55-56

Suggestion for Further Studies…………………………………………57

References …………………………………………..………………58-59

Appendix ……………………………………………………………60-62

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