THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE STUDENTS’ TEST ANXIETY LEVELS AND THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE STUDENTS’ TEST ANXIETY LEVELS AND THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Contents                                                                                           Page

TITLE PAGE

APPROVAL PAGE

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE

Background of the Study……………………………………………………

Statement of Problem………………………………………………………..

Purpose of the Study………………………………..………………………

Significant of the Study……………………………..………………………

Delimitation of the Study……………………………….…………………..

Research  Questions…………………………………………………………

Research Hypotheses………………………………….………………….…

Definition of  Terms…………………………………………………………

CHAPTER TWO

Concept of Academic Performance………………………………………

Concept of Testing…………………………………………………………

Concept of Test Anxiety…………………………………………………

The Relationship between Students levels of Academic Achievement and their observed levels of anxiety………………………………………

Test Anxiety in relation to gender (sex)………………………………

Summary of Review of Literature…………………………………..………

CHAPTER THREE :Research Methodology.

Design of Study…………………………………………………….…………

Area of study………………………………………………………………….

Population of the Study………………………………………………………

Sample and Sampling techniques……………………………………………..

Instrument for Data Collection……………………………………………

Validity  of the Instrument…………………………………………………

Reliability of the Instrument…………………………………………………

Method of Data Collection………………………………………………

Method of Data Analysis…………………………………………………

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Descriptive Analysis……………………………………………………………

Question One…………………………………………………………………

Question Two…………………………………………………..……………

Question Three………………………………………………………………

Test of Hypotheses ……………………………………………………………..

Discussion of Findings………………………………………………………

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF RESULTS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

Summary…………………..………………………………………………

Conclusion………………………………………………………………

Recommendation……………………………………………………………

REFERENCES………………………………………………………………

APPENDIX   …………………………………………………………

 

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to find the relationship between the students’ test anxiety levels and academic achievement in secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti state. The design of the study was acorrelational design. One hundred (100) students were drawn from JSSlI and One hundred (100) was drawn from SSII. were involved in the study. The main instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire developed by the researcher. Three research questions and three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.  A t-test Analysis was used to analyze the data collected at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that;there wasno significant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between Male and Female students; there was no significant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between JSSl1 and SSII students; there was significant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between private and public school students.The study concluded that the nature of the relationship between students’ test anxiety level and their academic performance in mathematics; the student variables taken into consideration in analyzing the connection between test anxiety and academic performance were gender, class, and school type. The study recommended that the relevant instructional materials should be made readily available to both teachers and students in order to enable them effectively utilize students’ potentials in mathematics related subjects and help them overcome the anxiety usually experienced in mathematics tests and examinations.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Test anxiety has been defined as a type of performance anxiety-a feeling someone might have towards an impending testing situation in which performance is crucial to the person (Aderson, 2002). A person can also experience performance anxiety in a situation when he or she is to try out for the school play, sing a solo on stage, present a research proposal before a panel or attend a job interview. Each of these situations engenders condition of tension and panic.

Test anxiety is defined by Morris and Davis (2001), as the evaluative apprehension aroused in the testee as a result of his concerns about the outcome of an impending test. The impending test increases the level of apprehension as the outcome of the evaluative increases is importance. For example, in Nigerian setting, academic achievement is looked upon as a basic condition for the improvement of one’s socio-economic status. To secure a good job, to be recognized and respected depends on ones academic achievement, level. Due to this high regard given to students with high academic achievements, fear of failure constantly put anxiety on students during examinations and testing.

Equally, in Nigeria, mathematics is given all the necessary importance in the curriculum and all policies related to education, right from primary to higher levels. In relation to that Federal Republic of Nigeria (FGN), (2004) categorically stated that mathematics is one of the core or basic subject for all primary and secondary school children. In addition to that, mathematics is one of the compulsory subjects that must be passed at credit level by students before getting admission into any tertiary institution in Nigeria. This makes mathematics one of the essential subjects for students’ advancement. Also, the amount of time devoted to it in schools makes it unique.

In everyday life, we have goals and objectives of a particular undertaking. At the end of the activity, the goal which one set will be assessed in terms of success or failure and in terms of satisfactory performance or under achievement. If it is possible to describe people psychologically in terms of a special kind, a particular type or as an ordinary number, it would simplify the problem of choosing or selecting. People cannot be categorized or measured as factually and accurately as products or machines. Many men and women may be of the same colour, but they all differ remarkably in height, weight and other less obvious physical characteristics.

They will differ too in not easily observed psychological characteristics as measured intelligence, arithmetic skills, clerical skills, and mechanical aptitude or ability and personality traits. This means that human beings differ in constitutional make up, abilities and potentials are assessed using tests and other measurement instrument. All school children and many adults are tested at various times in their lives. School teacher identify student with the characteristics needed for promotion or placement in various classes.

A test is a systematic procedure for comparing the behaviour of two or more persons (Cronbach, 2010). According to him, intelligence cannot be visualized or measured as one can see and measure a sheet of paper. He stated that tests are constructed in such a manner that the evidence of an individual’s behaviour or performance as evoked by the test is compared to the behaviour or performance of other individuals to whom the test has been administered. The test performance is evaluated and an interpretation derived is given.

Many psychologists use the term measurement or evaluation rather than test as a way to suggest the scope of the field.The evaluators therefore classify people according to their performance. These evaluations and classifications tend to influence people’s chances of promotion to the next class, job opportunities, scholarships and other desirable outcomes. Testees are always aware of the – benefits of good performance and the consequences of bad performance in test and most often struggle to perform well. This situation can lead to the development of anxiety reactions during test taking. Anxiety has been defined as feelings of apprehension and nervousness accompanied by the activation of the sympathetic nervous system which gives rise to physiological changes to the body such as heart rate increases, blood pressure increases, perspiration increases, sweating and trembling crooks and Stein (2008).

Students’ poor performance in mathematics over the years has been attributed to the fact that the subject makes the students to anxious about various test in the subject. In the same view, student’s performance in mathematics tests has been observed to vary from person to person and from school to school. Hence, this study intends to find out the relationship between the students’ test anxiety levels and academic achievement in secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti state.

Statement of the Problem

The declines in academic performance in mathematics have created anxiety in students and strengthen the perception that they are weak in mathematics. This response will ultimately be a belief that hard to change. Most students experience mathematics anxiety since elementary school. This fear is transferred by school teachers through teaching methods. Traditional methods such as lecturing, teaching basic skills without an emphasis on the concept have been identified as a factor that contributes to mathematics anxiety. It has shown that mathematics anxiety had become one of the factors contributing to the decline of the mathematical achievements of the students.

Research literature on test anxiety in Nigeria is scanty because most of the reports centre upon foreign students only. Therefore, there is a need for the present study to undertake an empirical investigation of test anxiety levels among secondary school students in Ikere local government of Ekiti state. From the statement of the problem above, the following general questions were generated;

  1. What is the relationship between students’ text anxiety level and their academic performance in mathematics?
  2. What is the relationship between male students’ text anxiety level and their academic performance in mathematics?
  3. What is the relationship between female students’ text anxiety level and their academic performance in mathematics?

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to relationship between the students’ test anxiety levels and academic achievement in secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti state. Specifically, the study intends to;

  1. find out the mean ratings of observable test anxiety behaviour between Male and Female students.
  2. examine the mean ratings of observable test anxiety behaviour between JSSl1 and SSI 1 students.
  3. ascertain the mean ratings of observable test anxiety behaviour between private and public school students.

 Significance of the Study

The imperativeness of this study cannot be underrated. The study will be of high significance in that it will help the following categories of people in the following ways; teachers, parent, students and school administrators to consider the relationship between the students’ test anxiety levels and academic achievement in secondary schools.

This study will serve as an eye opener to the teachers in knowing the negative effects / consequences of the relationship between the students’ test anxiety levels and academic achievement in secondary schools. This research work will serve as information to the teachers on existing forms of problems students are facing due to their phobia and anxiety towards their learning.

The school authorities will benefit immensely from this study, as it will help keep them informed on the recent ways of building goodrelationship between the students’ test anxiety levels and academic achievement in secondary schools It will assist the school authority to provide adequate counseling for students in order to overcome  their anxiety posed by various circumstances.

Government would not be left out in the list of the beneficiaries of this study. The research work will help the government to see reasons why trained and qualified teachers should be recruited into our secondary schools, why seminars and workshops should be organized by the government for the teachers to enable update their knowledge. Through it, they could help the students to allay their anxiety and timidity.

This study will in no small measure assist parents and the society at large in knowing what their children and wards do in school and thus, see ways of assisting them to learn and concentrate more on their studies and depend less on external studies help to be bold during examination.

Students will be derived benefits from this study. It will expose the extent to which they can easily overcome the anxiety. It will help them to know the way out of the menace of negative effects posed by test anxiety..

The would-be researchers in the related topic of this study will find this study as a point of reference to substantiate their facts and figures.  It will serve as a foundational premise to fall back upon in carrying out their researches in the shortest possible time.

It is expected that this study would help the curriculum planners to map out the curriculum in line with students’ ability and cognitive level. Without any iota of doubt, the study will point out some lopsided areas in the curriculum that makes students to indulge in examination malpractices.  The finding of the study will also help the school administrators and curriculum planners to create methods that would reduce negative effect of various factors affecting effective learning of Government.

Delimitation of the Study

This study covers all the secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The study centered upon such variables as gender. Using the above variables, it investigated the nature of the relationship between test anxiety and academic achievement of students who have varying levels of test anxiety as well as the nature of the relationship with regard to gender. The relationship which test anxiety has on students’ achievement will be on JSS11 and SSI1 students’ mathematics.

Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. Is there anysignificant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between Male and Female students?
  2. Is there anysignificant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between JSSl1 and SSI 1 students?
  3. Is there anysignificant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between private and public school students?

Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were formulated from research questions for the study:

  1. There is no significant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between Male and Female students.
  2. There is no significant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between JSSl1 and SSI 1 students.
  3. There is no significant difference in the mean rating of observable test anxiety behaviour between private and public school students.

Definition of Terms

          The following terms were operationally defined in this study:

Academic Achievement-: It’s the outcome of teaching and learning process after teaching and learning as taken place.

Achievement-: This is academic work done successfully especially using of one’s effort in skills.

Classroom: a room that you have lessons in at a school or college

 Gender -: This refer to sex of students. It is a condition of being either male or female.

Learning: This is the process of acquiring new ideas which involve change in behavior after acquiring new concept.

School: a place where children are taught

Students: someone who is studying at a university, school etc

Teacher: someone whose job is to teach, especially in a school

Teaching: This is the process of transferring ideas through methods by the teacher to the students’ in order to ensure learning.

 

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