THE USE OF IMPROVISED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EKITI STATE

THE USE OF IMPROVISED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY

ABSTRACT

The study intends to find out the effect of improvised instructional materials on the teaching and learning of biology in some selected secondary schools in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state Survey experimental design was used. The sample comprised of seventy (70) secondary school students and thirty teachers randomly sampled from 5 schools in the local Government Area. The students were divided into two groups (experimental and control, group). Biology Achievement Test

(BAT) of reliability 0.7 was used for the study. The experimental group was taught using

Improvised instructional materials while the control group was taught without improvised instructional materials. Data collected was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics. The findings revealed that students taught with improvised instructional materials performed better than those taught without instructional materials. Also there is no significant difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students. The null hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance indicated that there is significant difference between the achievement scores of those taught with instructional materials and those taught without instructional materials. It was therefore recommended that instructional materials be used in teaching in secondary schools because it has positive impact on student’s performance.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Research Hypothesis

Significance of the Study

Scope of the study

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW                                       

The concept of improvisation.

The important of improvisation in the teaching of biology

Teachers use of improvisation in biology teaching

Construction of techniques in improvisation

Problems of improvisation in biology

Appraisal of the related literature review

CHAPTER FOUR: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design

Population of the study

Sample and Sampling Techniques

Instrument for Data Collection

Method of data Collection

Validation of instrument

Reliability of the Instrument

Data analysis techniques

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Data Analysis

CHAPTER FIVE    

DISCUSSION OF RESULT CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATION AND SUMMARY

Discussion of Result

Conclusion

Recommendation

References

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Updated: February 13, 2016 — 9:32 pm

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